Home   »   Ranks & Reports   »   India Tops Global Remittance Charts with...

India Tops Global Remittance Charts with $125 Billion in 2023: World Bank Report

The World Bank’s latest report reveals India’s leading position in global remittances, reaching $125 billion in 2023. While remittances to low- and middle-income countries grew by 3.8%, challenges include declines in the Middle East and North Africa. The report underscores the crucial role of inclusive labor markets and social protection policies.

World Bank’s Latest Migration and Development Brief Highlights India’s Dominance

The World Bank’s most recent Migration and Development Brief sheds light on the sustained growth in remittance flows to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in 2023, albeit at a slower pace compared to previous years.

Key Findings

  1. Global Remittance Growth: Remittances to LMICs grew by an estimated 3.8% in 2023, reaching a total of USD 669 billion.
  2. India’s Leadership: India emerges as the top remittance recipient, securing its significant position in the evolving remittance landscape.
  3. Contributors to Growth: Resilient labor markets in advanced economies and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries played a pivotal role in supporting migrants’ ability to send money home.
  4. Regional Highlights: In South Asia, remittance flows to India experienced notable growth, contributing to the region’s overall positive trend. South Asia witnessed a 7.2% increase in remittances in 2023.
  5. Indian Economy’s Performance: The Indian economy outperformed forecasts, reaching USD 125 billion in remittances for the year. This surge was fueled by a tight labor market in the United States and robust employment growth in Europe.

Challenges and Risks

  1. Regional Declines: The Middle East and North Africa saw a second consecutive year of declining remittance flows, mainly due to a sharp drop in flows to Egypt.
  2. Europe and Central Asia: Remittance flows to Europe and Central Asia decreased by 1.4% after a significant gain in 2022.

Global Economic Conditions and Remittance Flows

  1. Top Five Recipient Countries: Apart from India, the top five remittance recipient countries include Mexico (USD 67 billion), China (USD 50 billion), the Philippines (USD 40 billion), and Egypt (USD 24 billion).
  2. Projected Growth: The report projects a 3.1% increase in remittances to LMICs in 2024, but caution is advised due to weaker economic activity and job markets in high-income countries.
  3. Persistent High Costs: Remittance costs remain high, averaging 6.2% to send USD 200 as of the second quarter of 2023. Banks continue to be the costliest channel, with an average cost of 12.1%.

Leveraging Remittances for Development Finance

  1. Diaspora Bonds: The report emphasizes the potential of leveraging remittances for development finance, particularly through diaspora bonds. These bonds can tap into diaspora savings held in foreign destinations, providing a stable source of funds.
  2. Opportunities for Capital Mobilization: Remittances have surpassed the sum of foreign direct investment and official development assistance in recent years, presenting opportunities for private capital mobilization.

Questions Related to Exams

Q: What does the latest World Bank report reveal about global remittances in 2023?

A: The report shows continued growth in remittance flows to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), reaching $669 billion, with India leading at $125 billion.

Q: Why is India highlighted in the report?

A: India stands out as the top remittance recipient, surpassing expectations due to a strong labor market in the U.S. and robust employment growth in Europe.

Q: What challenges and risks are mentioned in the report?

A: The Middle East and North Africa saw declines, and global economic conditions pose risks. Remittance costs remain high, averaging 6.2%.

India Tops Global Remittance Charts with $125 Billion in 2023: World Bank Report_40.1

India Tops Global Remittance Charts with $125 Billion in 2023: World Bank Report_50.1