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Indian Penal Code- Chapters, Sections and Classification

Indian Penal Code 1860

The Indian penal code is the official criminal code of India. It is a code that intends to cover all aspects of criminal law. By the recommendation of the first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Charter act of 1833 under the chairmanship of Thomas Babington Macaulay, the criminal code was drafted. It came into force in 1862 in British India during British Raj. It was not applied to princely states which had their courts and legal system until the 1940s. In 1837 the first draft of the code was presented before the Governor-General.

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Chapters and Sections of the Indian Penal Code

INDIAN PENAL CODE, 1860 (Sections 1 to 511)
Chapter  Sections covered Classification of offenses
Chapter I  Sections 1 to 5 Introduction
Chapter II  Sections 6 to 52 General Explanations
Chapter III  Sections 53 to 75 Of Punishments
Chapter IV  Sections 76 to 106 General Exceptions of the Right of Private Defence (Sections   96 to 106)
Chapter V  Sections 107 to 120 Of Abetment
Chapter VA  Sections 120A to 120B Criminal Conspiracy
Chapter VI  Sections 121 to 130 Of Offences against the State
Chapter VII  Sections 131 to 140 Of Offences relating to the Army, Navy, and Air Force
Chapter VIII  Sections 141 to 160 Of Offences against the Public Tranquillity
Chapter IX  Sections 161 to 171 Of Offences by or relating to Public Servants
Chapter IXA  Sections 171A to 171I Of Offences Relating to Elections
Chapter X  Sections 172 to 190 Of Contempts of Lawful Authority of Public Servants
Chapter XI  Sections 191 to 229 Of False Evidence and Offences against Public Justice
Chapter XII  Sections 230 to 263 Of Offences relating to coin and   Government Stamps
Chapter XIII  Sections 264 to 267 Of Offences relating to Weight and   Measures
Chapter XIV  Sections 268 to 294 Of Offences affecting the Public Health,  Safety, Convenience, Decency, and   Morals.
Chapter XV  Sections 295 to 298 Of Offences relating to Religion
Chapter XVI  Sections 299 to 377 Of Offences affecting the Human Body.

  • Of Offences Affecting Life including murder, culpable homicide (Sections 299 to 311)
  • Of the Causing of Miscarriage, of Injuries to Unborn Children, of the Exposure of Infants, and the Concealment of Births (Sections 312 to 318)
  • Of Hurt (Sections 319 to 338)
  • Of Wrongful Restraint and Wrongful Confinement (Sections 339 to 348)
  • Of Criminal Force and Assault (Sections 349 to 358)
  • Of Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and Forced Labour (Sections 359 to 374)
  • Sexual Offences including rape and Sodomy (Sections 375 to 377)
Chapter XVII  Sections 378 to 462  Of Offences Against Property

  •  Of Theft (Sections 378 to 382)
  • Of Extortion (Sections 383 to 389)
  • Of Robbery and Dacoity (Sections 390 to 402)
  • Of Criminal Misappropriation of Property (Sections 403 to 404)
  • Of Criminal Breach of Trust (Sections 405 to 409)
  • Of the Receiving of Stolen Property (Sections 410 to 414)
  • Of Cheating (Section 415 to 420)
  • Of Fraudulent Deeds and Disposition of Property (Sections 421 to 424)
  • Of Mischief (Sections 425 to 440)
  • Of Criminal Trespass (Sections 441 to 462)
Chapter XVIII  Section 463 to 489 -E Offenses relating to Documents and  Property Marks

  • Offences relating to Documents (Section 463 to 477-A)
  • Offences relating to Property and Other Marks (Sections 478 to 489)
  • Offences relating to Currency Notes and Bank Notes (Sections 489A to 489E)
Chapter XIX  Sections 490 to 492 Of the Criminal Breach of Contracts of   Service
Chapter XX  Sections 493 to 498 Of Offences related to marriage
Chapter XXA  Sections 498A Of Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of  Husband
Chapter XXI  Sections 499 to 502 Of Defamation
Chapter XXII  Sections 503 to 510 Of Criminal intimidation, Insult, and  Annoyance
Chapter XXIII  Section 511 Of Attempts to Commit Offences

FAQs on Indian Penal Court

1. What are the sections of the Indian penal code?
Ans. Indian penal code has 511 sections which are divided into 23 chapters. The Indian penal code defines crimes and the punishment provided for them by the law.

2. What does IPC stand for?
Ans. IPC stands for Indian penal code which is the official criminal code of India.

3. Who made the Indian penal code?
Ans. The Indian penal code was drafted by Thomas Babington Macaulay, who is the chairman of the first law commission. The draft was completed by 1834 and was presented to the Governor-General of India in 1835.

4. When did the Indian penal code come into force?
Ans. The Indian penal code came into force on the first January 1860 after many revisions and amendments.

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