Chief Minister and Governor 2023
As per Article 164, the Chief Minister of an Indian state or Union Territory (UT) is chosen by the Governor, who acts as the appointing authority. Additionally, Article 167 states that the Chief Minister acts as a bridge between the Governor and the state council of ministers. Although our constitution does not explicitly specify the educational qualifications required to become a Chief Minister, it does not imply that the Governor has complete freedom to appoint anyone to the position. In this article, we will provide a list of Chief Ministers and Governors for all the states and Union Territories in India.
The list of state-wise chief ministers and the governor is important for the students who are preparing for competitive exams like SBI PO, SSC, banking, etc. In The table below we have included all the states and their governor and chief ministers. We have also included the chief minister and governors of union territories. Further in the article, you can also check out the selection process and powers of the chief minister and governor of India.
All State Chief Minister and Governor 2022: Important Facts
1. The chief minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik has the longest incumbency from 5th March 2000.
2. The chief minister of Mizoram, Zoramthanga is the oldest chief minister in India.
3. The Chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh, Pema Khandu is the youngest chief minister in India.
4. Twelve incumbents belong to Bhartiya Janta Party, two belong to Indian National Congress, and two to Aam Aadmi Party.
Chief Minister and Governor of India 2023 List
|Andhra Pradesh||Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy||S. Abdul Nazeer|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Pema Khandu||Lt. General Kaiwalya Trivikram Parnaik|
|Assam||Himanta Biswa Sarma||Gulab Chand Kataria|
|Bihar||Nitish Kumar||Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar|
|Chhattisgarh||Bhupesh Bhagel||Justice (Retd) Biswa Bhusan Harichandan|
|Goa||Pramod Sawant||P.S. Sgreedharan|
|Gujarat||Vijaybhai R. Rupani||Acharaya Devvrat|
|Haryana||Manohar Lal Khattar||Satyadeo Narayan Arya|
|Himachal Pradesh||Jai Ram Thakur||Shiv Pratap Shukla|
|Jharkhand||Hemant Soren||C.P. Radhakrishnan|
|Karnataka||Siddaramaiah||Thawar Chand Gehlot|
|Kerala||Pinarayi Vijayan||Arif Mohammed Khan|
|Madhya Pradesh||Shivraj Singh Chouhan||Mangubhai Chaganbhai Patel|
|Maharashtra||Eknath Shinde||Ramesh Bais|
|Manipur||N. Biren Singh||Anusuiya Uikye|
|Meghalaya||Conrad Kongkal Sangma||Phagu Chauhan|
|Mizoram||Zoramthanga||Dr. Kambhampati Haribabu|
|Nagaland||Neiphiu Rio||Shri La. Ganesan|
|Odisha||Naveen Patnaik||Prof. Ganeshi Lal Mathur|
|Punjab||Bhagwant Singh Mann||Shri Banwarilal Purohit|
|Rajasthan||Ashok Gehlot||Kalraj Mishra|
|Sikkim||Prem Singh Tamang||Lakshman Prasad Acharya|
|Tamil Nadu||M.K Stalin||R.N. Ravi|
|Telangana||K.Chandrashekhar Rao||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan|
|Tripura||Bipplab Kumar Deb||Satyadeo Narayan Arya|
|Uttar Pradesh||Yogi Adityanath||Anandiben Patel|
|Uttarakhand||Shri Pushkar Singh Dhami||Gurmit Singh|
|West Bengal||Mamata Banerjee||Dr CV Ananda Bose|
Union Territory States-wise Governors of India List
|Andaman & Nicobar||Shri. Devendra Kumar Joshi (Lieutenant Governor)||Port Blair|
|Chandigarh||Shri Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator)||Chandigarh|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)||Daman|
|Delhi||Vinal Kumar Saxena (Lieutenant Governor)||New Delhi|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Shri Manoj Sinha (Lieutenant Governor)||Srinagar|
|Lakshadweep||Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)||Kavaratti|
|Puducherry||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan||Puducherry|
|Ladakh||Brig (Dr) B D Mishra (Retd)||Leh|
Governor of India Selection and Powers
The governor in India is appointed by the president. The central government is responsible for the nomination of the government for each state. There is no indirect or direct election for the appointment of governor unlike the elections for president. The office of a governor is an independent constitutional office the governor doesn’t serve the union government.
The governor only needs to meet two qualifications one he should be an Indian citizen and the other he should be 35 years old or more. There are two conventions that the government follows to nominate a governor that is the person who is going to be appointed as the governor must not belong to the state, he shall be an outsider with having no relations with the state.
The other one is the consultation of the chief minister is taken before the appointment of a governor by the president. He is the executive head of the state he is appointed to. All the executive actions that are performed in the state are in the name of the governor.
Chief Minister of India Selection and Powers
There is no specific procedure for the selection and appointment of the chief minister of a state as per the constitution of India. According to article 164, the Government of a state appoints the chief minister. There are a few qualifications that a person needs to become a chief minister of India. The person must be a citizen of India, he must have completed 25 years of age, and must be a member of any house either the legislative assembly or the legislative council.
A citizen of India who is not a member of the legislative assembly or legislative council has to get himself elected within 6 months from the date of their appointment, if the person fails the procedure, he would not be considered the chief minister.
The powers given to the chief minister are that he can allocate and reshuffle the portfolios among ministers, if the chief minister resigns the full cabinet has to resign with him, guides controls and direct activities of all the ministers, if there is any difference of opinion, he can ask the minister to resign, he advises the government to appoint any person as a minister.
Chief Ministers of India in Constitution
- Article 163: The governor is advised by the Chief Mister, head of council of ministers.
- Article 164: The Constitution appoints the Chief Minister by the governor.
- Article 167: The Constitution, the Chief Minister acts as a link between the Governor and state council of ministers.
Also Read: List Of Vice President Of India (1952-2022)
Chief Ministers and Governors of India QNAs
Q1. What are the powers of the governor of a state?
Ans. Every executive action that is taken by the state government is under the name of the governor. The governor appoints the advocate general of the state and their remuneration. He also appoints the state election commissioner, vice-chancellors of the universities in the state, chairman, and members of the state public service commission.
Q2. Who appoints the governor of a state in India?
Ans. In India, the governor of a state is appointed by the president of India for a term of 5 years. The governor is the head of all the state governments and all the executive actions are taken in the name of the governor.
Q3. Which union Territories have chief ministers?
Ans. Only two union territories that are Delhi and Puducherry have chief ministers. The chief minister of Delhi is Arvind Kejriwal and the chief minister of Puducherry is N. Rangaswamy.