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India’s Engineering Exports Experience Divergent Trends Across Global Markets in October

After facing a challenging first half of the year, India’s engineering exports showcased notable positive growth in key markets such as the US, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE during October. However, a contrasting scenario emerged as exports contracted in various European Union (EU) nations, China, and Southeast Asia, as per government data.

Positive Growth in Key Markets:

  • United States: Engineering exports to the US surged by 2.2% year-on-year, reaching $1.39 billion in October.
  • United Arab Emirates (UAE): Shipments to the UAE experienced a growth of 2.9%, totaling $348.6 million.
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India’s Engineering Exports Experience Divergent Trends Across Global Markets in October

Resilience Amidst Cumulative Contraction:

Despite a 1.6% contraction in cumulative growth during the first seven months of the current financial year (2023-24), October marked the third consecutive month of positive year-on-year growth for India’s engineering exports, registering a robust 7.2% increase.

Challenges in Developed Markets:

Arun Kumar Garodia, Chairman of the Engineering Export Promotion Council (EEPC) of India, highlighted challenges arising from a demand slump in developed countries, particularly the EU. Barriers to market access imposed by EU and North American nations further exacerbated the situation for Indian metal exporters.

Product Range and Significance:

Engineering products encompass a diverse range, including iron and steel products, electrical and industrial machinery, automobiles, and airport-related items. These products constitute approximately a quarter of India’s total outbound shipments.

Market-specific Dynamics:

  • United Kingdom (UK): Exports to the UK saw a substantial jump of 60.3% in October, reaching $302.5 million. It’s important to note that this growth is partly attributed to a lower base in the previous financial year.

Contractions in European and Southeast Asian Markets:

While positive trends were evident in key markets, several European and Southeast Asian countries experienced contractions in October.

  • Italy: Exports declined by 23.6%.
  • Singapore: Contraction of 39.1%.
  • Indonesia: Exports contracted by 18.2%.
  • Netherlands: A significant decrease of 52.4%.
  • Belgium: Exports reduced by 20.9%.
  • China: Exports to China fell by 6%.

Global Economic Factors Impacting Exports:

Tepid external demand was influenced by recessionary trends in developed economies. Rising global inflation and high interest rates, particularly in Europe and the US—major markets for India’s engineering sector—were identified as significant factors contributing to the economic downturn, according to a report by EEPC India.

Questions Related to Exams

Q: What were the key highlights of India’s engineering exports in October?

A: In October, India’s engineering exports witnessed positive year-on-year growth of 7.2%, marking a rebound after a challenging first half of the year. Notable surges were observed in key markets, including the United States, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE.

Q: What challenges did the Indian engineering sector face during the first seven months of the current financial year?

A: The sector experienced a 1.6% contraction in cumulative growth during the first seven months of the current financial year. Demand slumps in developed countries, particularly in the European Union (EU), and market access barriers imposed by EU and North American countries posed significant challenges for Indian metal exporters.

Q: Which countries showed positive trends in India’s engineering exports, and what were the growth percentages in October?

A: The United States saw a 2.2% year-on-year increase, with engineering exports reaching $1.39 billion. Shipments to the UAE rose by 2.9% to $348.6 million. The UK experienced a substantial growth of 60.3%, reaching $302.5 million in October.

Q: Which European and Southeast Asian countries witnessed contractions in engineering exports during October?

A: Several countries faced contractions, including Italy (minus 23.6%), Singapore (minus 39.1%), Indonesia (minus 18.2%), the Netherlands (minus 52.4%), Belgium (minus 20.9%), and a 6% decline in exports to China.

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