International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace 2023
The International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace is celebrated annually on 24 April. The Day acknowledges the use of multilateral decision making and diplomacy in achieving peaceful resolutions to conflicts among nations. This day aims to promote the principles of multilateralism and diplomacy in resolving global challenges and conflicts. The observance also serves as a reminder of the importance of the United Nations and other multilateral organizations in facilitating cooperation and collective action among nations.
What is multilateralism?
Multilateralism is a philosophy or approach to international relations that emphasizes the need for cooperation and coordination among multiple countries and international organizations to address global issues and achieve common goals. It involves the idea that no single country can solve complex global problems such as climate change, international trade, or terrorism on its own, and that collective action and shared responsibility are necessary. Multilateralism is based on the principles of equality, mutual respect, and diplomacy, and it seeks to foster a more inclusive and transparent global governance system that allows for broad-based participation and consensus-building. Multilateralism is often embodied through international agreements, treaties, and organizations such as the United Nations, World Trade Organization, or the International Monetary Fund, among others.
International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace 2023: History
The International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace is a relatively new observance. It was first proposed by the delegation of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations in 2018 as a way to promote and reinforce the principles of multilateralism and diplomacy in international affairs. The proposal received support from a group of countries from different regions of the world, and on December 12, 2018, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution (A/RES/73/127) declaring April 24th as the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace.
The establishment of this observance was seen as a response to the growing challenges to the international rules-based order and the principles of multilateralism and diplomacy, as well as to promote peaceful conflict resolution and cooperation among nations. The day aims to raise awareness of the importance of multilateralism and diplomacy in addressing global challenges and promoting sustainable development, human rights, and peace. It also recognizes the role of the United Nations and other multilateral institutions in advancing these objectives. The first International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace was celebrated on April 24, 2019.