ISRO successfully tests cryogenic engine for moon mission
The CE-20 cryogenic engine, which will power the nation’s rocket for the third moon mission, Chandrayaan-3, had a flight acceptance hot test that was successfully completed, according to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
ISRO successfully tests cryogenic engine for moon mission: Key Points
● The LVM3-M4 rocket’s cryogenic upper stage will be powered by the CE-20 cryogenic engine, according to the space agency.
● On February 24, a 25-second hot test was performed at the ISRO Propulsion Complex in Mahendragiri, Tamil Nadu.
What is a Cryogenic engine?
● Cryogenic Engine: The Greek words “Kyros” (cold or freezing) and “gene” are the origin of the word “cryogenic” (burn or produced).
● A cryogenic engine is a rocket engine that runs on a cryogenic fuel and oxidizer, both of which are liquefied gases that are maintained at very low temperatures.
● Cryogenic technology is the use of rocket propellants at extremely low temperatures. Cryogenic rockets are theoretically a considerably more complicated technology than solid or liquid propellant (stored on earth) stages because they utilise propellants at extremely low temperatures.
● Yet, compared to other types of propellants, such as solid and liquid propellant rocket engines, a cryogenic engine is more efficient and generates more force per kilogramme of cryogenic propellant consumed.
Important Takeaways For All Competitive Exams:
● ISRO Chairman: S. Somanath
● ISRO First Chairman: Vikram Sarabhai
● ISRO Foundation Year: 15 August 1969