National Highways in India
The national highways in India are upgraded, maintained, and built by the national highway authority of India. The national highway authority of India works under the ministry of road transport and highway which is responsible for the national highway networks. India has the second-largest road network in the world with 2% road length and National Highway forms 40% of the road traffic. India has over 200 highways and which are up to 1 lakh km. National highways cover most of the road length in India and others are covered by State highways and other roads. In India, the road transport network is differentiated into five categories expressways, National highways, state highways, and rural roads or others. In this article, we have discussed the important national highways in India and the length of national highways passing through each state.
List of Important National Highways in India
|States/UTs||Old National Highway Number||New National Highway Number|
|Jammu & Kashmir||NH 1 A and NH 1 D||NH 1|
|Jammu & Kashmir||NH 1 B||NH 244|
|Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal||NH 2||NH 19 (Golden Quadrilateral)|
|Uttar Pradesh||NH 2A||NH 519|
|West Bengal||NH 2B||NH 114|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||NH 223||NH 4|
|Goa, Karnataka||NH 4 A||NH 748|
|Maharashtra||NH 4 B||NH 348|
|Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal||NH 5
|NH 16 (Golden Quadrilateral)|
|Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh||NH 7||NH 135|
|Tamil Nadu||NH 7 A||NH 138|
|Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu||NH 8||NH 48 (Golden Quadrilateral)|
|NH 8 A||NH 41|
|NH 8 C||NH 147|
|NH 8 D||NH 151|
|Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana||NH 9||NH 65|
|Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh||NH 11||NH 21|
|Rajasthan||NH 11 A||NH 148|
|Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh||NH 12||NH 45|
|Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu||NH 18
|Haryana, Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab||NH 21
|Jharkhand||NH 23||NH 320|
|Uttar Pradesh||NH 24||NH 530|
|Bihar||NH 30||NH 319|
|West Bengal||NH 35||NH 112|
|Assam, Nagaland||NH 39||NH 129|
|Kerala, Tamil Nadu||NH 47||NH 544|
|Kerala||NH 47 A||NH 966 B|
|Kerala||NH 47 C||NH 966 A|
|West Bengal||NH 55||NH 110|
|Uttar Pradesh||NH 56||NH 731|
|Rajasthan||NH 79||NH 156|
|Assam||NH 152||NH 127 A|
|Assam, Arunachal Pradesh||NH 38 & NH 153||NH 315|
States and Length of National Highways
- Andhra Pradesh – 6529.5
- Arunachal Pradesh- 2537.4
- Assam- 3908.5
- Bihar- 5030.6
- Chhattisgarh- 3605.8
- Goa- 292.9
- Gujarat- 6635
- Haryana- 3097.6
- Himachal Pradesh- 2606.9
- Jharkhand- 3366.8
- Karnataka- 7334.8
- Kerala- 1781.6
- Madhya Pradesh- 8772.3
- Maharashtra- 17756.6
- Manipur- 1750.3
- Meghalaya- 1155.6
- Mizoram- 1422.5
- Nagaland- 1547.7
- Odisha- 5761.5
- Punjab- 3769.5
- Rajasthan- 9988.8
- Sikkim- 463
- Tami Nadu – 6741.5
- Telangana- 3795.5
- Tripura- 8
- Uttar Pradesh- 11736.8
- Uttarakhand- 2949.3
- West Bengal- 3664.5
How national highways in India are numbered?
The ministry of road transport and Highway officially published a numbering system for the national highway networks on 28 April 2010. The numbering system has the following rules for naming the national highway network
- North-South highways will carry even numbers.
- East-West highways will carry odd numbers.
- Single-digit or double-digit numbers will be given to all major highways.
- North-South highways will increase from east to west in number.
- Three-digit numbers high waves are secondary roots of the main highway
- Suffixes like A, B, C, or D are added to 3-digit sub-highways to indicate small spin-off stretches of sub-highways.
Interesting facts about national highways in India
- The longest national highway in India is NH 44 which was previously NH7. The highway starts from Jammu and Kashmir and ends at Kanyakumari. It passes states like Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and ends in Tamil Nadu.
- The shortest national highway in India is NH 966 B which was previously known as NH 47A. It is the shortest national highway in India which covers the distance of 8 km between Kundanoor and Willingdon Island in Kochi Kerala.
- The golden quadrilateral is a national highway network that connects 4 major metropolitan cities of India, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Chennai from all the major four directions.
- India has the second largest road network in the world which comprises 40% of national highways.
- World’s second-highest motorable highway is the Leh-Manali highway which connects Shimla to Leh in Ladakh. It is the world’s second highest altitude motorable highway.
FAQ is related to national highways in India
1. Which is the longest-running measure national highway in India?
Ans. The longest-running major national highway in India is NH 44 which was previously NH7, which starts from Srinagar and terminates in Kanyakumari. It passes through the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.
2. What are the different types of roads in India?
Ans. The different types of road networks in India are expressways, National highways, state highways, and others and rural roads.
3. Who is responsible for building and maintaining highways in India?
Ans. The national highway Authority of India is responsible for building and maintaining the highways in India. The national highway authority of India works under the ministry of road transport and Highway.