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Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh Lead in Solar Park Scheme Capacities

Two prominent Indian states, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh, have taken significant strides in deploying higher capacities under the “Development of Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects” scheme. This initiative, launched in December 2014 with an initial capacity of 20,000 MW, was later expanded to 40,000 MW in March 2017, aiming to establish at least 50 solar parks by 2023-24.

Scheme Objectives

The primary objective of the scheme is to facilitate Renewable Energy (RE) developers by providing ready-to-use land and transmission infrastructure. This includes the development of essential elements like land, roads, power evacuation systems, and water facilities, along with obtaining all necessary statutory clearances and approvals. The scheme focuses on expediting the development of utility-scale solar projects across the country.

Solar Park Capacities and Progress

Solar parks typically boast capacities of 500 MW and above, although smaller parks (up to 20 MW) are considered in states facing a shortage of non-agricultural land. As of November 30, 2023, 50 solar parks with a cumulative capacity of 37,490 MW have been sanctioned, out of which 11 parks (8,521 MW) are completed, and 8 parks (4,910 MW) are partially completed. Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh lead in commissioned capacities, with 3,065 MW and 3,050 MW, respectively.

State-wise Sanctions

Among the states, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh have been granted approvals for 9 parks (8,276 MW), 8 parks (4,180 MW), 7 parks (3,730 MW), 7 parks (12,150 MW), and 5 parks (4,200 MW), respectively.

Financial Assistance

Under the solar park scheme, the Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy provides Central Financial Assistance (CFA) for Detailed Project Reports (DPR) and project milestones. The total Central Grants approved for the scheme amount to ₹8,100 crore, managed by the Solar Energy Corporation of India and the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency.

Questions Related to Exams

Q: What is the “Development of Solar Parks and Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects” scheme?

A: It’s an Indian initiative launched in December 2014, later expanded in 2017, with a goal to set up at least 50 solar parks by 2023-24, totaling 40,000 MW.

Q: What is the scheme’s objective?

A: To provide ready-to-use land and transmission infrastructure, expediting the development of large-scale solar projects by offering support to Renewable Energy developers.

Q: What are the typical capacities of Solar Parks?

A: Generally, 500 MW and above, but smaller parks (up to 20 MW) are considered in states facing non-agricultural land shortages.

Q: How many solar parks have been sanctioned, and what’s the progress?

A: As of November 30, 2023, 50 solar parks with a cumulative capacity of 37,490 MW have been sanctioned. 11 parks (8,521 MW) are completed, and 8 parks (4,910 MW) are partially completed.

 

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