US formally announced its withdrawal from WHO

The United States has formalized to withdraw from the World Health Organization (WHO) on July 6, 2021. The actual project of disentangling the U.S. from WHO began on July 6, 2020, with a letter signed by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. It will take one year to go into effect.

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Why United States decide to withdraw from the WHO?

  • The US has accused the WHO of siding with China on the outbreak of the virus, which originated in the Chinese city of Wuhan late last year, alleging the health body misled the world resulting in deaths of over half a million people globally, including over 130,000 in America alone.
  • In April, the US stopped funding to WHO as the Trump administration reviewed the ties. A month later, President Donald Trump announced the US was terminating the relationship.
  • The US is the single largest contributor to the WHO, providing over USD 450 million per annum. China’s contribution to the global health body is about USD 40 million, one-tenth of that of the US.
  • The US has been a party to the WHO Constitution since June 21, 1948. Its participation was accepted by the World Health Assembly with certain conditions set out by the US for its eventual withdrawal from this world body.

Important takeaways for all competitive exams:

  • Headquarters of WHO: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Director-general of WHO: Tedros Adhanom.

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