Every year on April 18, the United Nations commemorates World Heritage Day. The Day is observed to preserve the human heritage and recognize the efforts of the organizations working for it. Monuments and ancient buildings are an asset to the world. They make for the rich heritage of the nation.
World Heritage Day Theme
Since 1983, the International Council on Monuments and Sites has set a theme around which events are centred on the day. The theme for World Heritage Day 2022 is “Heritage and Climate”.
History of the day:
The International Day for Monuments and Sites was proposed by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) on 18 April 1982 and approved by the General Assembly of UNESCO in 1983. The aim is to promote awareness about the diversity of cultural heritage of humanity, their vulnerability and the efforts required for their protection and conservation. Later in 1983, UNESCO adopted the idea during the 22nd General Conference. In order to restore and conserve historical cities, and dying ancient tribes, World Heritage Day is being observed. The day also sheds light on history.
World Heritage Sites in India
India is home to a total of 3691 monuments and sites. Of these 40 are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including places like the Taj Mahal, Ajanta Caves and Ellora Caves. World Heritage Sites also include natural sites like the Kaziranga National Park in Assam.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
- UNESCO formation: 4 November 1946;
- UNESCO Headquarters: Paris, France;
- UNESCO Director-General: Audrey Azoulay;
- Headquarters of International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS): Paris, France;
- International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) Founded: 1965;
- President of International Council on Monuments and Sites: Toshiyuki Kono.