India has been elected to the United Nations Economic and Social Council’s (ECOSOC) four major bodies, including the Commission on Science and Technology for Development. To the Committee for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Ambassador Preeti Saran has been re-elected. In 2018, she was first elected to the Asia Pacific seat on the UN’s Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. On 1st January 2019, her first four-year term began.
The 4 bodies to which India has been elected
- The Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
- The Commission for Social Development
- The Committee on Non-Governmental Organisations
- The Commission on Science and Technology for Development
Commission of Social Development (CSocD)
Since the World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen, the Commission for Social Development (CSocD) has become the key body of the United Nations which is in charge of the follow-up and the implementation of the Copenhagen Declaration and Programme for Action.
The purpose of CSocD is to advise ECOSOC on social policies of a general character, and in particular on all the matters in the social field that are not covered by specialized inter-governmental agencies.
Committee on Non-Governmental Organisations
It is a standing Committee of the Economic and Social Council which was established in 1946. The main tasks of the Committee on Non-Governmental Organisations are the consideration of applications for consultative status and requests for reclassification submitted by the non-governmental organisations.
UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development
CSTD is a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council which holds an annual intergovernmental forum for the discussion on timely and pertinent issues affecting technology, science, and development.
Outcomes of the Commission on Science and Technology for Development include providing the UNGA and ECOSOC with high-level advice on the relevant science and technology issues.
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
CESCR is a body of 18 independent experts that monitors the implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights by its State Parties. Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights enshrines the rights to adequate food, adequate education, health, housing, water and sanitation, and work.
About the Economic and Social Council:
The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six principal organs of the UN System established by the UN Charter in 1945. It consists of 54 members of the United Nations elected by the General Assembly.