As of 5 August 2023, it has been four years since the abrogation of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir. The decision to abolish the special status of the region and end its autonomy was a significant and historic move made by the Indian Government on August 5, 2019.
About the Article 370
Article 370 was incorporated into the constitution in 1949, following the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India in 1947. The article followed the state to have its own constitution flag and considerable autonomy in matters of governance, except in areas such as foreign affairs, defence, finance and communications which remained under the jurisdiction of the Indian Government.
Abrogation of Article 370
As of 5th August 2023, it has been four years since the abrogation of Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir. Throughout the four years, Jammu and Kashmir witnessed a mix of progress and challenges.
Key developments in four year
Key developments in the four years since the abrogation of Article 370 are:
- Following the abrogation, the state of Jammu and Kashmir was recognised into two Union Territories– Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
- In addition to the abrogation of Article 370, Article 35A, which granted special privileges and rights to the permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir, was also abrogated. This opened up new opportunities and equal rights for people from all over India to settle and invest in the region.
- With the transition to UTs, there were significant administrative reforms aimed at streamlining the bureaucracy and enhancing public service delivery.
- The Indian government launched various development initiatives to boost infrastructure, education, healthcare and employment opportunities in Jammu and Kashmir.
- The security situation in the region witnessed improvements, with measures taken to counter terrorism and maintain law and order.
- New political formations emerged and elections were conducted in the Union Territories.