Current Affairs   »   India's Current Affairs 2022   »   Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2022

PM Narendra Modi Observes Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2022

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In his last year’s Independence Day speech, Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared August 14 to be observed as “Partition Horrors Remembrance Day” to remind the nation of the sufferings and sacrifices of Indians during the partition in 1947. The day, which coincides with Pakistan’s Independence day, will be observed in memory of the “struggles and sacrifices of our people”.

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Meanwhile, India is all set to celebrate 75 years of Independence with preparations in full swing. A large number of ASI monuments across the country have been lit up in tri-colour theme, and citizens and political parties across the country have kicked off ‘tiranga’ rallies under the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign. Earlier this week, Lok Sabha speaker Om Birla inaugurated an exhibition on the ‘Horrors of Partition’ at the Parliament Library Building.

Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2022: Partition Of India

In the weeks and months around August 15, 1947, the partition of India into India and Pakistan resulted in severe bloodshed and communal violence, property loss, and significant instability. The partition is often regarded as one of the most violent and rapid displacements in human history.

Background:

The partition of India in its most basic form is a story of unprecedented human displacement and forced migration. It is a story in which millions sought new homes in environments that were alien and resistive. More than being a story of a violent divide based on faith and religion it is also a story of how a way of life and ages of co-existence came to a sudden and dramatic end.

About 6 million non-Muslims moved out from what had become West Pakistan and another 6.5 million Muslims moved out from the Indian part of Punjab, Delhi, etc., into West Pakistan. In the east, an estimated 2 million non-Muslims moved out of East Bengal (Pakistan) and later in 1950 another 2 million non-Muslims moved into Wes(India) Bengal. It is estimated that about one million Muslims had moved out of West Bengal. The estimate of those killed has varied from 500,000 to over 1,000,000. The generally accepted figure stands at around 500,000.

More than being a story of a violent divide based on faith and religion it is also a story of how a way of life and ages of co-existence came to a sudden and dramatic end.” Estimates of the numbers of those killed vary; according to the official document, it could be between 500,000 to over a million, but “the generally accepted figure stands at around 500,000,” reads the official document issued by the centre to commemorate Partition Horrors Remembrance Day.

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