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Albert Einstein Biography: Know about the father of modern physics

Albert Einstein Biography

One of the best and most influential physicists of all time, Albert Einstein was a theoretical physicist who was born in Germany. The theory of relativity is what Albert Einstein is most famous for, although he also made significant contributions to the theory of quantum mechanics.

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Albert Einstein Early Life

Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany. After six weeks, the family relocated to Munich, where he later started attending the Luitpold Gymnasium. After they relocated to Italy, Albert continued his education in Aarau, Switzerland.

Albert Einstein then enrolled in Zurich’s Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in 1896 to pursue a degree in mathematics and physics education. Albert Einstein received his diploma in 1901, the year he became a Swiss citizen, and when he was unable to obtain employment as a teacher, he agreed to work as a technical assistant in the Swiss Patent Office. Albert Einstein received his doctorate in 1905.

Albert Einstein: Interesting Facts

  • During his stint at the Patent Office, and in his leisure time, he created most of his exceptional work and in 1908 he was appointed Privatdozent in Berne.
  • Albert Einsteinwas appointed Professor Extraordinary in Zurich in 1909, Professor of Theoretical Physics in Prague in 1911, and Professor Extraordinary in Zurich again in 1912 to hold the same position.
  • Albert Einstein was appointed Professor at the University of Berlin and Head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute in 1914.
  • Albert Einstein acquired German citizenship in 1914 and resided in Berlin until 1933, when he left for America to accept a position as a professor of theoretical physics at Princeton.
  • At that time, Albert Einstein had renounced his citizenship for political reasons. In 1940, he became a citizen of the United States, and he left his position in 1945.
  • Albert Einstein was a key player in the World Government Movement, turned down the invitation to lead the State of Israel, and worked with Dr. Chaim Weizmann to found the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, after World War II.
  • Albert Einstein always seemed to have a distinct understanding of physics’ issues and the motivation to fix them. He had his own plan of attack and could see the major steps necessary to reach his objective.
  • Albert Einstein saw his greatest accomplishments as little more than stepping stones to the next development.

Albert Einstein Career:

  • Early in his scientific career, Albert Einstein became aware of the limitations of Newtonian physics, and his special theory of relativity developed out of an effort to harmonise the physical principles of mechanics with the electromagnetic field.
  • Albert Einstein dealt with conventional statistical mechanics difficulties as well as situations where those problems were combined with quantum theory, which provided an explanation for the Brownian motion of molecules.
  • Using a low radiation density, Albert Einstein studied the thermal characteristics of light, and his findings formed the basis of the photon theory of light.
  • The correct interpretation of the special theory of relativity, according to Albert Einstein, must also provide a theory of gravitation.In 1916, Einstein published his paper on the general theory of relativity.
  • In his early years in Berlin, Albert Einstein had hypothesised that the correct interpretation of the special theory of relativity must also provide a theory of gravitation.
  • Albert Einstein also made contributions to the issues with statistical mechanics and radiation theory during this time.

Although Albert Einstein continued to work on the probabilistic interpretation of quantum theory and persisted with this work in America, Einstein started developing unified field theories in the 1920s. By creating the quantum theory of a monatomic gas, he made a contribution to statistical mechanics. Albert Einstein has also done important work in relation to atomic transition probabilities and relativistic cosmology.

Upon his retirement, Albert Einstein continued to work towards the unification of fundamental physics ideas, employing a different strategy than most physicists—geometrisation.

Albert Einstein Notable Work:

Of course, the results of Albert Einstein’s research are well documented, and some of his most significant publications are Special Theory of Relativity (1905), Relativity (English translations, 1920 and 1950), General Theory of Relativity (1916), Investigations on Theory of Brownian Movement (1926), and The Evolution of Physics (1950). (1938). The most significant of his non-scientific writings are likely About Zionism (1930), Why War? (1933), My Philosophy (1934), and Out of My Later Years (1950).

Albert Einstein Awards

Several universities in Europe and America awarded Albert Einstein honorary doctorates in science, medicine, and philosophy. He delivered lectures across Europe, America, and the Far East in the 1920s, and he received memberships or fellowships from all of the top scientific academies on a global scale. Albert Einstein received many honours for his contributions, including the Franklin Medal from the Franklin Institute in 1935 and the Copley Medal from the Royal Society of London in 1925.

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Albert Einstein Awards

Albert Einstein Personal Life

  • Because of his abilities, Einstein lived much of his life in intellectual seclusion, and music played a significant role in his life as a kind of relaxation.
  • After his 1903 marriage to Mileva Maric ended in divorce in 1919, he married his cousin Elsa Löwenthal, who passed away in 1936. The couple had a daughter and two sons. On April 18, 1955, he passed away in Princeton, New Jersey.
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Albert Einstein with his wife

In January 1903, the scientist, Albert Einstein wed Mileva Maric. Unfortunately, Einstein and Maric’s marriage did not last, and they separated in 1919, primarily as a result of the physicist’s interest in his cousin Elsa. After dating Elsa Lowenthal for five years, Einstein wed her in 1919. Elsa suffered from kidney problems and died in 1936.

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Albert Einstein Wife and Children

Albert Einstein: A genius since Childhood

  • A genius who taught himself algebra and Euclidean geometry in the course of one summer by the time he was 12 years old.
  • Widely renowned for establishing the theory of relativity and the mass-energy equivalence formula E = mc2, frequently labelled as ‘the world’s most famous equation’, Einstein won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics and discovery of the law of photoelectric effect.
  • At the age of 12, he independently discovered his own unique proof of the Pythagorean theorem.
  • By the time he was 14, he had mastered integral and differential calculus.
  • Almost 300 scientific publications and more than 150 non-scientific works were published by him throughout his lifetime.

Albert Einstein Hobbies

Albert Einstein adored music and even declared that he would probably have been a musician if he had not become a physicist. Mahatma Gandhi also captivated him greatly, and the two corresponded via letter-writing over the course of their respective lives.

Albert Einstein Death

When his abdominal aortic aneurysm broke on April 17, 1955, Albert Einstein suffered internal bleeding and passed away at the age of 76 the next morning.

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FAQs

What is Albert Einstein most famous for?

The theory of relativity, which Albert Einstein developed and is rightfully famous for, transformed our understanding of space, time, gravity, and the cosmos.

What are 3 things Albert Einstein best known for?

3 things for which Albert Einstein best known for are:
- Based on his quantum theory of light, according to which light is a particle or photon
- On the Brownian movement and the existence of atoms
- On his special relativity theory (which states that time and length are not constants and are dependent on the observer's frame of reference)

Who invited Albert Einstein to India?

Einstein is rumoured to have accepted Sir CP Ramaswamy Iyer's invitation to serve as Travancore's first Vice-Chancellor.

What is Einstein IQ?

He outperforms physicists Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein, whose IQs were both reportedly around 160.

Who is father of physics?

"Fathers of Modern Physics" refers to Albert Einstein. Also seen as significant were Einstein's ground-breaking theory of relativity and Galileo's contributions to observational astronomy and the scientific revolution.

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