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Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day 2024: Date, History and Significance

Arunachal Pradesh, nestled in the northeastern corner of India, celebrates its Foundation Day annually on February 20th, marking the day it attained full statehood in 1987. This occasion commemorates the region’s transition from the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) to a distinct state within the Indian union. With its breathtaking landscapes, diverse biodiversity, and vibrant tribal cultures, Arunachal Pradesh stands as a testament to India’s rich heritage and natural beauty.

Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day 2024 – Date

Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day 2024 falls on February 20th. This significant day commemorates the state’s official declaration as a distinct entity within India in 1987. It serves as a celebration of Arunachal Pradesh’s rich cultural heritage, diverse tribal communities, and achievements across various sectors. Festivities include traditional dances, music, and reflections on the state’s progress.

Statehood Day of Arunachal Pradesh 2024 – Historical Background

Formerly a part of the larger state of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh emerged as a distinct entity following its rechristening from NEFA to Arunachal Pradesh on January 20, 1972. The journey towards statehood culminated on February 20, 1987, signifying a significant milestone in the region’s history. Since then, Arunachal Pradesh has continued to thrive, showcasing its unique blend of tradition, modernity, and natural splendor.

Significance and Celebrations of Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day 2024

The importance of Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day lies in marking the momentous occasion when Arunachal Pradesh was officially recognized as a state on February 20, 1987. This northeastern state is renowned for its rich tapestry of tribal communities, each adorned with distinct customs, languages, and traditions. Through vibrant traditional performances, including dances, music, and attire, the Foundation Day becomes a vibrant celebration of this cultural diversity. Moreover, it serves as a platform to highlight the state’s progress across various sectors such as infrastructure, education, healthcare, and tourism. These festivities not only showcase achievements but also foster a profound sense of unity and belonging among the diverse populace of Arunachal Pradesh.

Key Facts About Arunachal Pradesh

Here are some key facts related to the Arunachal State:

  • Statehood: Arunachal Pradesh was declared a state on February 20, 1987, emerging from the former North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) region.
  • Geographical Location: It shares borders with Assam and Nagaland to the south, Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east, and China’s Tibet Autonomous Region to the north.
  • Population and Area: As per the 2011 Census, Arunachal Pradesh has a population of 1,383,727 and covers an area of 83,743 square kilometers, making it the least densely populated state in India.
  • Ethnic Diversity: Arunachal Pradesh is ethnically diverse, with Monpa, Tani, Mishmi, Tai, and Naga tribes among the 26 major tribes and over 100 sub-tribes residing in the state.
  • Historical Significance: Historically, the region was part of the Monpa kingdom of Monyul and later came under Tibetan control. The McMahon Line, defining the border between British India and Tibet, has been a point of contention.
  • Natural Beauty: Known as the “Land of the Dawn-Lit Mountains,” Arunachal Pradesh boasts stunning landscapes, including the Tawang Monastery, the largest monastery in India, and diverse flora and fauna.
  • Biodiversity: The state hosts a rich biodiversity, with over 750 species of birds and 200 species of mammals. It is home to three tiger reserves and forms part of the Eastern Himalayas biodiversity hotspot.
  • Climate: Arunachal Pradesh experiences varied climates, from humid subtropical in low-altitude areas to subtropical highland and alpine climates in higher regions.

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q1. When is Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day celebrated annually?
Q2. What event does Arunachal Pradesh Foundation Day commemorate?
Q3. What was Arunachal Pradesh known as before it attained statehood in 1987?
Q4. What significant transition occurred in Arunachal Pradesh on January 20, 1972?

Check your knowledge and try to answer the questions in the comment section.

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About the Author

My role as a content writer specializing in current affairs at Adda247 involves meticulously researching and crafting compelling articles aimed at guiding and informing candidates preparing for National and State Level Competitive Government Exams. With a dedication to educational excellence, I strive to keep our candidates abreast of the latest developments and trends in current affairs. By providing insightful and engaging content, I aim to ensure that aspiring candidates are well-prepared and informed for their examinations.