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Basant Panchami 2024: Date, History, Significance and Rituals

Basant Panchami, also known as Saraswati Puja, is a vibrant and spiritually significant festival celebrated in several states of India. This auspicious day is dedicated to honoring Goddess Saraswati, the divine embodiment of knowledge, education, and information. In 2024, the festival is set to grace us on February 14, symbolizing the onset of spring and the beginning of preparations for the colorful festival of Holi.

What is Basant Panchami?

Basant Panchami, also known as Vasant Panchami or Shri Panchami, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated on the first day of spring, which corresponds to the fifth day of the month of Magha in the Hindu calendar. This auspicious occasion not only marks the onset of spring but also commemorates the worship of Goddess Saraswati, the divine embodiment of knowledge, wisdom, and the arts. From its historical origins to its profound significance and revered puja rituals, Basant Panchami holds a special place in Hindu culture and tradition.

Basant Panchami 2024 – Date and Time

According to Drik Panchang, Basant Panchami in 2024 falls on Wednesday, February 14th. The auspicious timings for the festival are as follows:


  • Vasant Panchami Muhurat: 07:01 AM to 12:35 PM
  • Vasant Panchami Madhyahna Moment: 12:35 PM
  • Panchami Tithi Begins: 02:41 PM on February 13, 2024
  • Panchami Tithi Ends: 12:09 PM on February 14, 2024

Basant Panchami 2024 – Historical Significance

The festival of Basant Panchami is steeped in mythology and legend. One popular tale recounts the transformation of the poet Kalidasa, who, despondent over his life’s misfortunes, was visited by Goddess Saraswati. Her divine intervention inspired Kalidasa to bathe in the sacred river, leading to his enlightenment and the blossoming of his poetic talents. Another narrative involves Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, where the arrival of spring prompts the rekindling of love and the rejuvenation of life.

Significance of Basant Panchami 2024

Basant Panchami is synonymous with the color yellow, symbolizing the vibrancy of spring and the blossoming mustard fields. The festival honors Goddess Saraswati, whose blessings are sought by scholars, artists, and students for guidance and inspiration in their pursuits of knowledge and creativity. Yellow attire, traditional foods, and offerings of yellow flowers and sweets adorn the celebrations, highlighting the festival’s association with intellect and enlightenment.

Basant Panchami 2024 – Rituals and Observances

  • Morning Prayers and Offerings: Devotees rise early on Basant Panchami, perform ablutions, and adorn idols of Goddess Saraswati with vibrant flowers and garlands. They offer prayers and chant the Saraswati mantra, seeking her divine blessings for wisdom and knowledge.
  • Fasting and Devotion: Some devotees observe fasts on Basant Panchami as an act of devotion and penance. Fasting is believed to purify the mind and body, fostering spiritual growth and closeness to the deity.
  • Yellow Attire: Yellow holds special significance during Basant Panchami festivities. Devotees don yellow-colored clothing as it symbolizes vibrancy, positivity, and the radiant glow of springtime.
  • Initiation of Education: Basant Panchami is auspicious for the initiation of education, known as Akshar-Abhyasam or Vidya-Arambham. Students place their books and educational tools before the idol of Goddess Saraswati, seeking her blessings for academic success and enlightenment.

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q1. What is the alternate name for Basant Panchami?
Q2. When does Basant Panchami typically occur in the Hindu calendar?
Q3. What is the significance of the color yellow during Basant Panchami?
Q4. According to Drik Panchang, when will Basant Panchami be observed in 2024?
Q5. What is the central focus of Basant Panchami celebrations?

Check your knowledge and try to answer the questions in the comment section.

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About the Author

My role as a content writer specializing in current affairs at Adda247 involves meticulously researching and crafting compelling articles aimed at guiding and informing candidates preparing for National and State Level Competitive Government Exams. With a dedication to educational excellence, I strive to keep our candidates abreast of the latest developments and trends in current affairs. By providing insightful and engaging content, I aim to ensure that aspiring candidates are well-prepared and informed for their examinations.