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Birth Anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai 2024, All You Need to Know About Him

On the occasion of the 159th birth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai, January 28, 2024, we commemorate the life and contributions of one of India’s most revered freedom fighters, politicians, and authors. Fondly known as Punjab Kesari, Lala Lajpat Rai left an indelible mark on India’s struggle for independence and its socio-political landscape.

Who was Lala Lajpat Rai?

Lala Lajpat Rai, born on January 28, 1865, was a prominent Indian freedom fighter and nationalist leader. Raised in Punjab, he embraced liberal Hindu beliefs and became a key figure in the Indian National Congress. Rai’s staunch advocacy for Indian independence led to his deportation by the British in 1907. He famously led protests against the Simon Commission, embodying the spirit of non-violent resistance. Rai’s legacy symbolizes India’s struggle for freedom and unity.

Key Details of Lala Lajpat Rai

Dat of Birth: 28th January 1865

Birth Place: Dhudike, Punjab, British India

Parents: Munshi Radha Krishna and Gulab Devi Aggarwal

Nationality: Indian

Roles: Revolutionary, Politician and Author

Political Party: Indian National Congress

Death: 17th November, 1928

Place of Death: Lahore, Punjab, British India

Lala Lajpat Rai – Early Life and Education

Born into an Agrawal Jain family in Dhudike, Punjab, Rai’s upbringing instilled in him values of resilience and patriotism. He received his initial education in Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari, Punjab, before joining Government College at Lahore to study law. Rai’s encounters with nationalist ideals and leaders like Lala Hans Raj and Pandit Guru Dutt during his college years ignited his fervor for India’s freedom.

Career and Political Journey of Lala Lajpat Rai

Rai’s career trajectory was marked by unwavering dedication to the cause of Indian independence. He practiced law, founded educational institutions, and played pivotal roles in organizations like the Indian National Congress and Arya Samaj. Rai’s political activism took him to Britain and the United States, where he tirelessly advocated for India’s self-rule and garnered international support for the cause.

Protests Against British Rule

A defining moment in Rai’s legacy was his leadership during the protests against the Simon Commission in 1928. Rai’s impassioned call of “Simon Go Back!” echoed the sentiments of millions of Indians resisting British imperialism. Despite facing brutal repression from colonial authorities, Rai remained resolute in his commitment to India’s freedom.

Lala Lajpat Rai – Legacy and Impact

Lala Lajpat Rai’s legacy extends far beyond his lifetime. He inspired a generation of freedom fighters, including icons like Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad, who drew inspiration from his courage and determination. Rai’s contributions to education, social reform, and journalism continue to shape India’s collective consciousness and national identity.

Lala Lajpat Rai as an Author

In addition to establishing the Arya Gazette and serving as its editor, Lala Lajpat Rai actively contributed to numerous significant newspapers and magazines in Hindi, Punjabi, English, and Urdu languages. He authored several published books, including biographies of Mazzini, Garibaldi, Shivaji, and Shri Krishna. Some of his creations are:

  • The Story of My Deportation, 1908.
  • Arya Samaj, 1915.
  • The United States of America: A Hindu’s Impression, 1916.
  • The Problem of National Education in India, 1920
  • Unhappy India, 1928.
  • England’s Debt to India, 1917.
  • Autobiographical Writings
  • Young India: An Interpretation and a History of the Nationalist Movement from Within. New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1916.[a]
  • The Collected Works of Lala Lajpat Rai, Volume 1 to Volume 15, edited by B.R. Nanda.

Quotes By Lala Lajpat Rai

On the occasion of the 159th birth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai, here are some inspirational quotes given by him:

  • The only limits are those we place on ourselves.”
  • “Serve the country with dedication and selflessness, and you will find your purpose.”
  • “True patriotism demands a fearless attitude towards injustice.”
  • “Education is the key to empowerment; it lights the path to progress.”
  • “Strive for excellence in every endeavor, and success will follow.”
  • “The strength of a nation lies in the character of its people.”
  • “Freedom is not given; it is taken. Fight for your rights.”
  • “Unity is our greatest asset in the journey towards a prosperous nation.”
  • “Believe in yourself and your capabilities; you have the power to make a difference.”
  • “Fearlessness is the first requisite of spirituality. Cowards can never be moral.”
  • “Progress is not solely economic; it must encompass the well-being of every citizen.”
  • “Live with integrity, and let your actions speak louder than words.”
  • “Nationalism is an active principle. Politics is a passive principle.”
  • “Work not for personal gain but for the collective welfare of society.”
  • “Struggles may be painful, but they are the stepping stones to progress.”

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q1. When was Lala Lajpat Rai born?
Q2. What was Lala Lajpat Rai’s role in the Indian National Congress?
Q3. Where did Lala Lajpat Rai receive his education?
Q4. What principle did Lala Lajpat Rai associate with nationalism?
Q5. Can you name one of Lala Lajpat Rai’s notable published books?

Check your knowledge and try to answer the questions in the comment section.

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