Capital of Chhattisgarh
Raipur, the capital of Chhattisgarh state in east-central India, harmoniously merges its historical legacy with contemporary progress. Situated in the heart of the Chhattisgarh Plain, Raipur has transformed from a humble 14th-century settlement established by Raj Brahma Deo into a bustling metropolis, showcasing a diverse cultural heritage. This article delves into the historical evolution, cultural richness and economic importance of this dynamic city.
Capital of Chhattisgarh- History
Raipur’s history can be traced back to the 14th century when it was founded by Rai Brahma Deo of the Ratanpur dynasty. It has a heritage deeply rooted in the princely states of Chhattisgarh. The city became the headquarters of the Chhattisgarh princely states division and was officially established as a municipality in 1867.
The 15th-century fort in Raipur stands as a testament to the city’s ancient past. This fort houses numerous Hindu temples, with the Bhawani Ka Mandir being the most famous. The temple was rebuilt on the site of the city’s oldest temple, showcasing the enduring spiritual significance of the region.
Raipur: The Capital and Administrative Hub
- Raipur serves as the capital of Chhattisgarh and the administrative headquarters of Raipur district.
- Formerly a part of Madhya Pradesh, Raipur joined the newly formed state of Chhattisgarh after its bifurcation.
- It stands out as a prominent business center in Central India.
Cleanliness and Quality of Life in Raipur
- In 2021, Raipur earned the distinction of being the 6th cleanest city in India, according to the Swachh Survekshan rankings.
- The city also ranked 7th in the ease of living index in 2019, showcasing its quality of life.
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Population and Literacy
- The 2011 census revealed a favorable sex ratio in Raipur, with 945 females per 1000 males, surpassing the national average.
- Raipur boasts high literacy rates with 10% for females and 92.39% for males.
Industrial Hub of Central India
- Raipur, the capital of Chhattisgarh, is an industrial powerhouse with diverse industries.
- It is renowned for its steel and iron market, one of the largest in India.
- The city houses a plethora of industries, including 800 rice milling plants, 35 ferro-alloy plants, 60 plywood factories, 195 sponge iron plants, 200 steel rolling mills, 500 agro-industries and at least 6 steel plants.
Education in Raipur
- Raipur is fast emerging as an educational hub, home to many nationally acclaimed institutions.
- Notable institutions include the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), National Institute of Technology (NIT), Indian Institute of Management (IIM), National Law University and National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research.
Know About Chhattisgarh
- Chhattisgarh, situated in Central India, was once a part of Madhya Pradesh.
- On November 1, 2000, it gained statehood as a separate entity.
- The state boasts the third-largest forest cover among all Indian states.
- It is also home to the third-largest coal reserves in India, making it a significant center for coal mining.
- Chhattisgarh comprises 33 districts and shares borders with seven other states: Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.