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Which District of Uttar Pradesh is the Capital of Purvanchal?

Uttar Pradesh, a major state in Northern India, holds the title of the most populous state in the country. According to the 2011 Census, its population was recorded at 199,812,341, which has now surged to nearly 240 million. Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest state in India by area, spanning 240,928 square kilometers, which accounts for 7.33% of the total area of India. The state is divided into several regions, including Awadh, Bundelkhand, and Purvanchal. This article delves into which district is considered the capital of Purvanchal.

Historical Background of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh’s reorganization took place on November 1, 1956. Prior to this, it was known as the North-Western Provinces since 1836. The name changed to the North-Western Provinces and Oudh in 1877, then to the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh in 1902. In 1937, it was simply called the United Provinces, and finally, on January 24, 1950, it was renamed Uttar Pradesh.

Regions of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is divided into several distinct regions:

  • Doab Region: The Doab region, known as the land between the Yamuna and Ganges rivers, stretches from Saharanpur to Prayagraj.
  • Bundelkhand: This region includes districts such as Lalitpur, Jhansi, and Banda.
  • Baghelkhand: Baghelkhand comprises districts like Chitrakoot.
  • Rohilkhand: Rohilkhand includes districts such as Bareilly, Pilibhit, and Sambhal.
  • Awadh: Awadh is another prominent region that includes districts like Lucknow, Raebareli, and Unnao.
  • Purvanchal: Purvanchal is an important region in Uttar Pradesh, encompassing 17 districts, including Ballia, Sonbhadra, Deoria, Ghazipur, and Varanasi.

Introduction to Purvanchal

Purvanchal is a geographical region located in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. It borders Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Baghelkhand of Madhya Pradesh to the south, and Awadh to the west. Purvanchal has a long-standing demand to be recognized as a separate state. It sends 117 representatives to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly and 23 members to the Lok Sabha.

Development Status of Purvanchal

Purvanchal is considered less developed compared to Western Uttar Pradesh. The western part of the state, known as the Doab region, benefits from fertile land conducive to agriculture, making Uttar Pradesh the largest producer of sugarcane and wheat in India.

Capital of Purvanchal

Varanasi, known as the spiritual city, is regarded as the capital of Purvanchal. This district is not only a cultural and religious hub but also one of the oldest cities in India. Varanasi’s rich history and cultural heritage contribute to its status as the capital of Purvanchal. Additionally, it is a significant tourist destination, attracting a large number of visitors annually.

Which District of Uttar Pradesh is the Capital of Purvanchal?_4.1

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