Cyclone Hamoon, a severe weather phenomenon, struck the southeastern coast of Bangladesh on the 25th October 2023, causing widespread concern and necessitating the evacuation of thousands of people. The storm, originating from the Bay of Bengal, has further raised questions about the increasing frequency and intensity of such weather events in the region, driven by the impacts of climate change. This meteorological event is being closely monitored by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) and is expected to weaken in the hours to come.
Who Named Cyclone ‘Hamoon’?
Cyclone ‘Hamoon’ was named by Iran. ‘Hamoon’ is a Persian term signifying temporary desert lakes and marshlands that naturally form in region near the Helmand basin. These areas serve as seasonal water reservoirs.
Current Status of ‘Hamoon’
As of 25th October, ‘Hamoon’ was located approximately 40 kilometers east-southeast of Chittagong, Bangladesh. The storm is characterized by strong winds with speeds ranging between 80 to 90 kilometers per hour, gusting up to 100 kilometers per hour. This powerful cyclone has posed a significant threat to the region.
Limited Impact of Cyclone Hamoon on Odisha
Fortunately for Odisha, the cyclone is forecasted to pass at a safe distance of about 200 kilometers from the state’s coast. This means that Odisha is unlikely to experience any significant adverse effects apart from light to moderate rainfall in the coastal areas.
Future Projections of Cyclone Hamoon
The IMD predicts that ‘Hamoon’ will continue its path in a north-eastern direction. Over the next six hours, it is expected to weaken into a deep depression, subsequently becoming a depression in the following six hours. While the intensity is expected to decrease, the impact on the affected areas is still a concern.
Precautions and Safety Measures
Authorities in the region have been taking precautions to ensure the safety of their communities. ‘Storm warning cage number 2’ was set up at Pamban Port in Rameswaram to alert fishermen about the severe cyclonic storm, ‘Hamoon’, over the Bay of Bengal. This is a crucial step to protect the lives and livelihoods of those dependent on fishing.
In Odisha, the administration has put all Urban Local Bodies (ULB) on alert due to the formation of cyclonic storm ‘Hamoon.’ Preparedness and early warnings are vital in mitigating the impact of such natural disasters.
Cyclonic Storm ‘TEJ’
In a related weather development, the Severe Cyclonic Storm ‘TEJ’ over coastal Yemen has weakened into a cyclonic storm. It is expected to move west-northwestwards and weaken further into a depression over the next six hours.