Dams in India: What are Dams?
Dams are like barriers that stop the flow of water, the blockage of the water results in the formation of reservoirs. Hence, the water reservoir is used to generate electricity which is known as hydroelectricity. The other functions of the water reservoir are irrigation, human consumption, and aquaculture. The formation of dams also suppresses the danger of floods.
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Dams in India: Highest Dam in India
In India, there are several dams with exceptional height and length. The highest dam in India is The Tehri dam, which is constructed across the Bhagirathi River in Uttarakhand. The Tehri dam is about 260.5 m high and 592m long. In 1978, the construction of the Tehri dam began, however, the investigation and design were completed by 1961 and 1972. The financial and economic hardships affected the Tehri dam’s construction and delayed the completion date. The irrigation department of Uttarakhand supervised the construction of the Tehri dam, later the Tehri Hydro Development Corporation was formed to supervise the construction of the dam.
Dams in India: Types of Dams
- Arch Dam
- Gravity Dam
- Arch-Gravity Dam
- Embankment Dams
- Rock-Fills Dams
- Concrete-face rock-fill Dams
- Earth-fill dams.
Dams in India: List of highest dams in India
|Tehri Dam||Uttarakhand||Bhagirathi River|
|Dhauli Ganga Dam||Uttarakhand||Dhauli Ganga River|
|Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Dam also Rihand Dam||Uttar Pradesh||Rihand River|
|Somasila Dam||Andhra Pradesh||Pennar River|
|Srisailam Dam||Andhra Pradesh||Krishna River|
|Ukai Dam||Gujarat||Tapti River|
|Dharoi Dam||Gujarat||Sabarmati River|
|Kadana Dam||Gujarat||Mahi River|
|Dantiwadaa Dam||Gujarat||Banas River|
|Indravati Dam||Odisha||Indravati River|
|Hirakud Dam||Odisha||Mahanadi Dam|
|Jalaput Dam||Andhra Pradesh and Odisha Borders||Machkund river|
|Nizam Sagar Dam||Telangana||Manjira River|
|Singur Dam||Telangana||Majira River|
|Radhanagari Dam||Telangana||Bhogawati River|
|Lower Manair Dam||Telangana||Manair River|
|Mid Manair Dam||Telangana||Manair River and SRSP Flood flow canal|
|Upper Manair Dam||Telangana||Manair River and Kudlair River|
|Vaigai Dam||Tamil Nadu||Vaigai river|
|Peruchani Dam||Tamil Nadu||Paralayar River|
|Mettur Dam||Tamil Nadu||Kaveri River|
|Tunga Bhadra Dam||Karnataka||Tunga Bhadra River|
|Linganamakki Dam||Karnataka||Sharavathi River|
|Kadra Dam||Karnataka||Kalinadi River|
|Alamatti Dam||Karnataka||Krishna River|
|Supa Dam||Karnataka||Kalinadi or Kali River|
|Krishna Raja Sagara Dam||Karnataka||Kaveri River|
|Harangi Dam||Karnataka||Harangi river|
|Narayanpur Dam||Karnataka||Krishna River|
|Kodasalli Dam||Karnataka||Kali River|
|Malampuzha Dam||Kerala||Malampuzha River|
|Peechi Dam||Kerala||Manali River|
|Idukki Dam||Kerala||Periyar River|
|Kundala Dam||Kerala||Kundala River|
|Parambikulam Dam||Kerala||Parambikulam River|
|Walayar Dam||Kerala||Walayar River|
|Mullaperiyar Dam||Kerala||Periyar River|
|Neyyar Dam||Kerala||Neyyar River|
|Khadakwasla Dam||Maharashtra||Mutha River|
|Gangapur Dam||Maharashtra||Godavari River|
|Yeldari Dam||Maharashtra||Purna river|
|Ujani Dam||Maharashtra||Bhima River|
|Pawna Dam||Maharashtra||Maval River|
|Mulshi Dam||Maharashtra||Mula River|
|Koyna Dam||Maharashtra||Koyna River|
|Jayakwadi Dam||Maharashtra||Godavari River|
|Bhatsa Dam||Maharashtra||Bhatsa River|
|Wilson Dam||Maharashtra||Pravara River|
|Vaitarna Dam||Maharashtra||Vaitarna River|
|Girna Dam||Maharashtra||Girana River|
|Chamera Dam||Himachal Pradesh||Ravi River|
|Baglihar Dam||Jammu and Kashmir||Chenab River|
|Uri Hydroelectric Dam||Jammu and Kashmir||Jhelum River|
FAQs related to Dams in India
1. Which is the largest dam in Gujarat?
Ans. The largest dam in Gujarat is the Ukai Dam. It is constructed over the Tapti River and is also known as Vallabh Sagar.
2. Which is the largest earth-fill dam in India?
Ans. The Maharana Pratap Sagar is the largest earth-fill dam in India. It is also known as Pong reservoir or Pong Dam.
3. Which dam is situated on the river Mahanadi?
Ans. The Hirakud dam is situated on the Mahanadi River.