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Dams in India: List of Highest Dams Found in India

Dams in India: What are Dams?

Dams are like barriers that stop the flow of water, the blockage of the water results in the formation of reservoirs. Hence, the water reservoir is used to generate electricity which is known as hydroelectricity. The other functions of the water reservoir are irrigation, human consumption, and aquaculture. The formation of dams also suppresses the danger of floods.

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Dams in India: Highest Dam in India

In India, there are several dams with exceptional height and length. The highest dam in India is The Tehri dam, which is constructed across the Bhagirathi River in Uttarakhand. The Tehri dam is about 260.5 m high and 592m long. In 1978, the construction of the Tehri dam began, however, the investigation and design were completed by 1961 and 1972. The financial and economic hardships affected the Tehri dam’s construction and delayed the completion date. The irrigation department of Uttarakhand supervised the construction of the Tehri dam, later the Tehri Hydro Development Corporation was formed to supervise the construction of the dam.

Dams in India: Types of Dams

  1. Arch Dam
  2. Gravity Dam
  3. Arch-Gravity Dam
  4. Barrages
  5. Embankment Dams
  6. Rock-Fills Dams
  7. Concrete-face rock-fill Dams
  8. Earth-fill dams.

Dams in India: List of highest dams in India

Dams States River
Tehri Dam Uttarakhand Bhagirathi River
Dhauli Ganga Dam Uttarakhand Dhauli Ganga River
Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Dam also Rihand Dam Uttar Pradesh Rihand River
Somasila Dam Andhra Pradesh Pennar River
Srisailam Dam Andhra Pradesh Krishna River
Ukai Dam Gujarat Tapti River
Dharoi Dam Gujarat Sabarmati River
Kadana Dam Gujarat Mahi River
Dantiwadaa Dam Gujarat Banas River
Indravati Dam Odisha Indravati River
Hirakud Dam Odisha Mahanadi Dam
Jalaput Dam Andhra Pradesh and Odisha Borders Machkund river
Nizam Sagar Dam Telangana Manjira River
Singur Dam Telangana Majira River
Radhanagari Dam Telangana Bhogawati River
Lower Manair Dam Telangana Manair River
Mid Manair Dam Telangana Manair River and SRSP Flood flow canal
Upper Manair Dam Telangana Manair River and Kudlair River
Vaigai Dam Tamil Nadu Vaigai river
Peruchani Dam Tamil Nadu Paralayar River
Mettur Dam Tamil Nadu Kaveri River
Tunga Bhadra Dam Karnataka Tunga Bhadra River
Linganamakki Dam Karnataka Sharavathi River
Kadra Dam Karnataka Kalinadi River
Alamatti Dam Karnataka Krishna River
Supa Dam Karnataka Kalinadi or Kali River
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam Karnataka Kaveri River
Harangi Dam Karnataka Harangi river
Narayanpur Dam Karnataka Krishna River
Kodasalli Dam Karnataka Kali River
Malampuzha Dam Kerala Malampuzha River
Peechi Dam Kerala Manali River
Idukki Dam Kerala Periyar River
Kundala Dam Kerala Kundala River
Parambikulam Dam Kerala Parambikulam River
Walayar Dam Kerala Walayar River
Mullaperiyar Dam Kerala Periyar River
Neyyar Dam Kerala Neyyar River
Khadakwasla Dam Maharashtra Mutha River
Gangapur Dam Maharashtra Godavari River
Yeldari Dam Maharashtra Purna river
Ujani Dam Maharashtra Bhima River
Pawna Dam Maharashtra Maval River
Mulshi Dam Maharashtra Mula River
Koyna Dam Maharashtra Koyna River
Jayakwadi Dam Maharashtra Godavari River
Bhatsa Dam Maharashtra Bhatsa River
Wilson Dam Maharashtra Pravara River
Vaitarna Dam Maharashtra Vaitarna River
Girna Dam Maharashtra Girana River
Chamera Dam Himachal Pradesh Ravi River
Baglihar Dam Jammu and Kashmir Chenab River
Uri Hydroelectric Dam Jammu and Kashmir Jhelum River

FAQs related to Dams in India

1. Which is the largest dam in Gujarat?
Ans. The largest dam in Gujarat is the Ukai Dam. It is constructed over the Tapti River and is also known as Vallabh Sagar.

2. Which is the largest earth-fill dam in India?
Ans. The Maharana Pratap Sagar is the largest earth-fill dam in India. It is also known as Pong reservoir or Pong Dam.

3. Which dam is situated on the river Mahanadi?
Ans. The Hirakud dam is situated on the Mahanadi River.

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