Governors play a pivotal role in the administrative machinery of the Indian states, acting as the ceremonial heads of their respective regions. Apart from their constitutional duties, the compensation and benefits provided to governors have been a subject of interest and scrutiny. In this article, we will get to know about the Governor’s salary in India, their function, roles and responsibilities.
Salary of Governor in India in Rupees
The salary of a Governor in India is set at Rs.350,000 per month, including basic pay, dearness allowance and house rent allowance. Additionally, governors receive various allowances, such as entertainment, medical and travel allowances. The salary, determined by the President under the Governors (Emoluments, Allowances and Privileges) Act, 1982, is not subject to income tax.
Governor Salary in India Per Month
The per month salary of Governor of India is Rs.3.5 lakh which is not subject to taxes. Apart from the salary, governors enjoy a range of benefits, including:
- Residence: A designated official residence is provided.
- Transportation: A car with a driver is at the governor’s disposal.
- Security Detail: A dedicated security team ensures the governor’s safety.
- Personal Staff: Support staff for administrative assistance.
- Medical Allowance: Coverage for medical expenses.
- Travel Allowance: Support for official travels.
Governor Salary in India – Pension and Post-Retirement Benefits
Upon retirement, governors receive a pension equal to their last drawn salary. This pension, along with the benefits received during service, contributes to the overall financial well-being of retired governors.
Who is the Governor of India?
Governor is the nominal executive head of the state. In the state executive structure, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers and the Advocate-General collectively form the key components. As the nominal head, the Governor presides over the state government, akin to the President’s role at the national level. Articles 153 to 167 of the Indian Constitution outline the specific provisions governing the state governments.
The Governor holds a dual rate – a symbolic or constitutional head and concurrently, an agent of the central government. The Union government appoints Governors for each state, establishing a direct link between the state and the center. This unique position underscores the Governor’s importance in facilitating coordination and communication between the state and the broader national framework.
Appointment of Governor in India
The President of India appoints Governors for each state through a warrant under his hand and seal, following nominations by the Central Government. Unlike the President’s elections, there is no direct or indirect election for the Governor’s post. The Governor’s office stands independently of the union executive, adhering to the Canadian model, emphasizing an autonomous and impartial role.
Term of Governor’s Office in India
The Governor’s tenure in India lacks a fixed term as the President holds the authority to remove the Governor without specified constitutional grounds. Transfers between states, reappointments and temporary appointments, such as designating the Chief Justice of the High Court as Governor in specific circumstances, rest at the President’s discretion. Notably, an interregnum is disallowed, preventing a Governor from continuing beyond the term’s expiration until the successor assumes office.
Eligibility of Governor in India
- He/ She must be an Indian citizen.
- He/ She should be 35 years of age or older.
- The Governor should be an outsider with no direct ties to the state being appointed.
- The President usually consults with the Chief Minister before appointing a Governor, although these conventions are not strictly adhered to in all instances.
Roles and Powers of the Governor
The governor, appointed by the President of India for a five-year term, serves as the constitutional head of the state. While the governor’s position is largely ceremonial, it holds significance in maintaining constitutional balance. Key powers include:
- Appointment of the Chief Minister and Ministers: The governor appoints the chief minister and other ministers based on majority support in the State Legislative Assembly.
- Dissolution of State Legislature: The governor can dissolve the state legislature in the face of deadlock or a loss of confidence in the government.
- Appointment of High Court Judges: Judges to the high court are appointed by the governor on the advice of the chief justice.
- Pardons and Reprieves: The governor can grant pardons, reprieves and commute sentences for individuals convicted of offenses.
- Lieutenant Governor of Union Territories: The governor appoints the lieutenant governor or administrative of a union territory.
- Chancellor of State University: The governor serves as the chancellor of the state university.
- Supreme Commander of State Armed Forces: While largely ceremonial, the governor is the supreme commander of the state’s armed forces, acting on the advice of the chief minister.
Roles and Functions of Governor
The Governor in India wields multifaceted powers. Executively, the Governor appoints key officials, recommends constitutional emergencies and exercises significant authority during President’s rule. Legislatively, the Governor dissolves state legislatures, addresses them annually and influences member appointments. Financially, the Governor reviews state budgets, recommends money bills and oversees the Contingency Fund. Judicially, the Governor holds pardoning powers, collaborates on judicial appointments and influences the judiciary’s administrative aspects. This dynamic role underscores the Governor’s crucial position in maintaining a balance between the state government and constitutional governance.