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Indian Banks Achieve 12.2% Growth in FY23: RBI Report

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released a report applauding the performance of Indian banks and non-bank lenders, emphasizing the need for stronger governance and risk-management practices to fortify their balance sheets. Despite a remarkable 12.2% growth in the consolidated balance sheet of scheduled commercial banks (SCBs) in 2022-23, the RBI underscored the importance of continued improvement.

Key Findings

  1. Double-Digit Growth: The consolidated balance sheet of SCBs witnessed a remarkable 12.2% growth in 2022-23, marking the highest in nine years.

  2. Driving Factors: Bank credit, experiencing its fastest expansion in over a decade, and accelerated deposit growth were the primary drivers of the impressive balance sheet growth.
  3. Individual Borrowers’ Impact: Non-food credit growth soared to 15.4% in 2022-23, fueled by the strong demand for loans among individual borrowers, compared to 8.7% in the previous fiscal year.
  4. Asset Quality Improvement: Lower slippages contributed to an improvement in asset quality across all bank groups, with gross non-performing assets (GNPA) to total advances ratio dropping to a 10-year low.
  5. Profitability and Capital Positions: Higher lending rates, lower provisioning requirements, and improved asset quality boosted the profitability of banks. The consolidated net profit of the banking industry grew by 44.6% in 2022-23.
  6. Asset Quality Metrics: GNPA as a percentage of gross loans showed significant improvement, standing at 5% for state-run banks and 2.3% for private banks in 2022-23.
  7. Capital Adequacy: Banks strengthened their capital buffers, with the capital adequacy ratio reaching 17.3%, up 50 basis points from the previous fiscal year.
  8. RBI’s Measures: Experts appreciated RBI’s efforts to pre-empt financial stress, including higher risk weights, provisioning on stressed exposures, and the proposed transition to the expected credit loss (ECL) framework for banks.
  9. NBFCs’ Funding Diversification: The report emphasized the need for non-banks to diversify their funding sources to reduce overdependence on bank funding, aligning with Governor Shaktikanta Das’s recent statement.
  10. NBFCs’ Growth: Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) displayed robust balance sheet growth with improved asset-quality metrics and stronger capital buffers, primarily driven by double-digit credit growth, notably in unsecured loans.
  11. RBI’s Regulatory Action: The report highlighted RBI’s recent mandate of higher risk weights on unsecured loans, applicable to both banks and non-banks, emphasizing the importance of diversification in funding sources for NBFCs.

Questions Related to Exams

Q: What was the growth rate of Indian banks’ consolidated balance sheet in 2022-23?

A: Indian banks achieved a significant 12.2% growth in their consolidated balance sheet during 2022-23.

Q: What were the primary drivers of this growth?

A: The main drivers were the fastest pace of bank credit expansion in over a decade and accelerated deposit growth.

Q: How did individual borrowers impact non-food credit growth?

A: Non-food credit growth surged to 15.4% in 2022-23, driven by a strong appetite for loans among individual borrowers.

Q: What contributed to the improvement in asset quality across banks?

A: Lower slippages were a key factor, leading to an improvement in asset quality across all bank groups.

Q: How did the profitability of banks fare in 2022-23?

A: The consolidated net profit of the banking industry grew by 44.6% in 2022-23, with state-owned banks leading at 57.3% and private sector banks at 29%.

Q: What is the status of gross non-performing assets (GNPA) for state-run and private banks?

A: GNPA as a percentage of gross loans stood at 5% for state-run banks and 2.3% for private banks in 2022-23, showing significant improvement.

Indian Banks Achieve 12.2% Growth in FY23: RBI Report_40.1

Indian Banks Achieve 12.2% Growth in FY23: RBI Report_50.1

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