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National Anthem of India: “Jana Gana Mana”

The national Anthem of a country is not just a piece of music; it’s a powerful representation of India’s culture, history and values. India’s National Anthem “Jan Gana Mana” holds a special place in the hearts of its citizens. This anthem is a harmonious embodiment of India’s diverse heritage and unity.

Historical Background of India’s National Anthem

The Indian national anthem, “Jan Gana Mana” was composed by Rabindranath Tagore in Bengali on 11 December 1911. Originally part of a Brahmo hymn titled ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’, it represents unity in diversity. The first public performance occurred on December 27, 1911, during an Indian National Congress session. It became India’s official anthem in 1950. Subhas Chandra Boss played it as National Anthem in Germany in 1942. The anthem has a rich history and was adopted with the birth of Independent India.

Official recognition to India’s National Anthem

“Jan Gana Mana” was officially adopted on the day Indian Constitution came into force i.e. 24 January 1950 as India’s National Anthem. The significance of this day reflects the anthem’s role in representing the aspirations and values of the newly independent nation. A formal rendition of the national anthem takes approximately 52 seconds.

The Composition

The anthem’s lyrics are a combination of five stanzas, with the first stanza being the most widely recognized and sung on official occasions. Written in Bengali, the lyrics carry an essence of patriotism and inclusivity. Tagore’s choice of words reflects his deep respect for India’s diverse cultures, languages and religions.

Symbolism and Unity

One of the most remarkable aspects of “Jan Gana Mana” is its celebration of India’s diversity and unity. Each stanza of the anthem represents different geographical regions of the country and acknowledges the diverse people who make up the nation. By doing so, the anthem reinforces the idea that India’s strength lies in its unity amidst diversity.


National Anthem of India: Jan Gana Mana

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he






Tava subha ashisha jage

Tava subha ashisha mage

Gaaye tava  jaya-gatha

Jana-gana-mangal-dayaka, jaya he


Jaya he! Jaya he! Jaya he!

Jaya jaya jaya , jaya he!

English translation of India’s National Anthem

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,

Thou Dispenser of India’s destiny.

Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha,

Of Dravid, Orissa and Bengal.

It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,

Mingles in the music of Jamna and Ganges and is chanted by

the waves of the Indian sea.

They pray for Thy blessings and sing thy praise.

The saving of all people waits in thy hand,

Thou Dispenser of India’s destiny.

Victory, Victory, Victory to Thee.

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Who composed the National Anthem of India?

“Jan Gana Mana”, India's National Anthem was composed by poet Rabindranath Tagore in 1911 and was officially adopted as India’s National Anthem on 24th January 1950.

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