Home   »   South Korea's Fertility Rate Hits New...   »   South Korea's Fertility Rate Hits New...

South Korea’s Fertility Rate Hits New Low in 2023

In 2023, South Korea experienced a further decline in its already record-low fertility rate, exacerbating concerns about population decline. Political promises aim to tackle the crisis, but similar trends in Japan and China underscore the complex challenges of reversing declining birth rates.

Decline in Fertility Rate

  • South Korea’s fertility rate hits a record low of 0.72 in 2023, continuing a trend of decline.
  • The rate is well below the replacement level of 2.1 children per woman required for population stability.
  • Factors such as career advancement concerns and financial burdens deter women from having children, contributing to the decline.

Impact on Population and Economy

  • South Korea’s population, currently at 51 million, faces the prospect of halving by the end of the century.
  • The demographic crisis poses significant risks to economic growth and strains the social welfare system.

Social and Economic Factors

  • Women cite concerns about career advancement and financial stability as primary reasons for delaying childbirth or opting out of having children altogether.
  • The pressure to balance work commitments with family responsibilities contributes to the declining fertility rate.

Policy Response

  • Ahead of elections, political parties pledge measures such as public housing initiatives and easier loans to incentivize childbirth.
  • Addressing the root causes of declining fertility, including housing affordability and work-life balance, becomes a focal point of government policies.

Regional Trends

  • South Korea’s fertility decline mirrors similar trends in neighboring countries like Japan and China, where aging populations and record-low fertility rates pose significant challenges.
  • Efforts to reverse these trends through policies and incentives have yet to yield substantial results, reflecting the complexity of the issue.

South Korea's Fertility Rate Hits New Low in 2023_4.1

World NGO Day 2024, Date, Theme, History and Significance_90.1