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States Included in the Western Ghats

When discussing northern India, the Himalayas often come to mind. Similarly, when we talk about southern India, the Western and Eastern Ghats are mentioned, flanked by deep seas on one side. These two mountain ranges are significant geographical features in India. This article will explore the Western Ghats, their importance, and the states they traverse.

An Overview of Western Ghats

The Western Ghats, also known as the Sahyadri Mountains, are a mountain range along the western coast of India. Stretching approximately 1600 kilometers from north to south, the Western Ghats are crucial for biodiversity and are recognized as one of the world’s eight “hottest hotspots” of biological diversity.

States Included in the Western Ghats

The Western Ghats span six Indian states: Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. These states host a variety of ecosystems and are home to numerous species of flora and fauna unique to this region.

Importance of the Western Ghats

The Western Ghats are vital for several reasons:

  • Source of Major Rivers: The range is the origin of three major peninsular rivers: Godavari, Kaveri, and Krishna. These rivers are essential for water supply in the southern Indian states.
  • Biodiversity: The region is a biodiversity hotspot, supporting a variety of flora and fauna, many of which are endemic.
  • Climate Regulation: The Western Ghats play a significant role in influencing the climate, particularly the monsoon patterns in the region.

Major Tourist Attractions

One of the prominent tourist destinations in the Western Ghats is Ooty, known for its lush forests and scenic beauty. Ooty has also been a popular location for shooting Bollywood horror films, adding to its allure as a tourist spot.

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