Telangana, India’s 28th state, was founded on 2nd June 2014. Telangana celebrates its Formation Day to mark the people’s contribution to forming a separate state outside of Andhra Pradesh. Telangana’s 30 districts honour this day by hoisting the national flag.
The Significance of Telangana Formation Day
The formation of Telangana signifies the victory of the Telangana movement. It commemorates the official separation of Telangana from the state of Andhra Pradesh. On 2 June 2014, a 57-year-old movement came to an end, realising the hopes of the Telangana people. The movement not only provided the people of the region with a separate identity but also created a change in India’s map, which now shows the state’s boundaries.
History of Telangana Formation Day
- On 1 November 1956, Telangana merged with Andhra Pradesh to form a unified state specifically for the Telugu-speaking people by sculpting that state from erstwhile Madras. In 1969, the Telangana region witnessed a protest for a new state and in 1972, a distinct Andhra Pradesh was formed.
- Various social organisations, student unions, and government employees all played important roles in the 1969 agitation.
- After nearly 40 years of protests, the Telangana Bill was passed by the Congress Working Committee and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the Lok Sabha in February 2014. The bill was introduced in the Indian Parliament in 2014 and the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act received its approval the same year. According to the bill, Telangana will be constituted by ten districts in north-western Andhra Pradesh.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
- Andhra Pradesh Governor: Biswabhusan Harichandan;
- Andhra Pradesh Chief minister: Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy.