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Which Indian River is Known as “Ardha Ganga”?

India, a land of diverse cultures and traditions, is home to many sacred rivers. Among these, the Kaveri River holds a special place, often referred to as “Ardha Ganga” or “Half Ganges.” This moniker underscores the river’s immense spiritual and cultural significance, particularly in Southern India.

Historical Significance of Kaveri River

The Kaveri River, also known as Cauvery, has been an integral part of South Indian history and mythology. It is often mentioned in ancient texts and epics, such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata, highlighting its longstanding importance. The river has nourished civilizations and kingdoms for centuries, including the Cholas, Cheras, and the Vijayanagara Empire, making it a vital lifeline for the region’s development and prosperity.

Which Indian River is Known as “Ardha Ganga”?

The Kaveri River, known as “Ardha Ganga” or “Half Ganges,” holds immense spiritual and cultural significance in Southern India. Originating from the Brahmagiri Hills in Karnataka, it flows through Tamil Nadu before reaching the Bay of Bengal. Revered in Hindu mythology and dotted with sacred temples, the Kaveri is a lifeline for millions, providing water for agriculture and daily life.

Meaning of “Ardha Ganga”

The epithet “Ardha Ganga” or “Half Ganges” signifies the Kaveri’s revered status, almost paralleling the sanctity of the Ganges River in Northern India. While the Ganges is often considered the holiest river in Hinduism, the Kaveri holds a similar position in the southern part of the country. This title emphasizes the river’s spiritual purity and its essential role in the religious lives of millions of devotees.

Origin and Length of Kaveri River

The Kaveri River originates from the Brahmagiri Hills in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and flows southeast for about 765 kilometers (475 miles) before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. Along its course, it traverses the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, enriching a vast and fertile delta known as the “Granary of South India.” Major tributaries, such as the Hemavati, Shimsha, Arkavathy, and Bhavani, contribute to its flow, supporting diverse ecosystems and agricultural activities.

Spiritual and Religious Importance

The Kaveri River is deeply revered in Hinduism. According to mythology, the river is personified as the goddess Kaveri, who descended to earth to bless humanity. Numerous temples and sacred sites are situated along its banks, making it a focal point for pilgrimage and religious rituals. One of the most significant festivals associated with the river is the Kaveri Sankramana, celebrated with great fervor by devotees.

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