Current Affairs   »   Important days 2022   »   25 April: World Malaria Day 2022

25 April: World Malaria Day 2022

Every year on April 25th, World Malaria Day is commemorated to raise awareness about this life-threatening disease that continues to be a menace to humanity. Malaria affects over half of the world’s population, with the chances of people living in poor nations catching the disease being substantially higher.

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KEY POINTS:

  • Malaria is spread through the female Anopheles mosquito’s bite (which is infected with the malaria-causing plasmodium parasite).
  • Malaria affects over half of the world’s population, with the chances of people living in poor nations catching the disease being substantially higher.
  • According to WHO figures, as many as 241 million people would be affected with this deadly disease in 2020, with the majority of cases occurring in Africa.
  • Despite the fact that the WHO states that malaria is a curable and preventable disease with proper treatment, many people continue to die due to a lack of competent healthcare.

BACKGROUND:

The day grew out of African Malaria Day. Since 2001, African governments have observed Malaria Day. However, it was only in 2007, during the World Health Organization’s 60th session, that it was recommended to designate Africa Malaria Day as World Malaria Day in order to recognise the disease’s global impact. In 2008, the inaugural World Malaria Day was observed.

IMPORTANCE AND THEME:

  • The day is commemorated to raise awareness about this life-threatening disease and to encourage people to work together to combat it.
  • By organising money raisers for the campaign, the day also allows new donors to join the fight against Malaria.
  • It also intends to bring together research and educational organisations so that any scientific advances achieved in the disease can be shared.
  • On this day, many organisations and people donate money to Malaria research programmes.
  • Events and seminars are held to raise awareness of the condition, its treatment, and preventative actions that can be performed.

The theme for World Malaria Day this year is “Harness innovation to reduce the malaria disease burden and save lives”.

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