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India’s forex reserves breach $600 billion-mark, hover around 15-month high

India’s foreign exchange reserves have recorded their most substantial weekly surge in four months, witnessing a remarkable increase of $12.74 billion, reaching an impressive total of $609.02 billion, as reported by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). This surge comes after a previous uptick of $1.23 billion in the preceding week ending on July 7.

Foreign Currency Assets and Gold Reserves Drive the Growth

  • The Weekly Statistical Supplement released by the RBI highlighted that Foreign Currency Assets (FCAs) played a pivotal role in the surge, surging by $11.19 billion to an impressive total of $540.17 billion.
  • FCAs, expressed in dollar terms, take into account the appreciation or depreciation of non-US units such as the euro, pound, and yen, held within the foreign exchange reserves.
  • Moreover, the nation’s gold reserves also rose significantly by $1.14 billion, reaching $45.20 billion.

SDRs and IMF Reserve Position Show Positive Momentum

  • Alongside the growth in FCAs and gold reserves, India’s Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) experienced an increase of $250 million, reaching a total of $18.500 billion.
  • Furthermore, the country’s Reserve Position in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) also moved up by $158 million, now standing at $5.18 billion.
Amount (in $ billion) Increase (in $ billion)
Forex Reserves 609.02 12.74
Foreign Currency Assets (FCAs) 540.17 11.19
Gold Reserves 45.20 1.14
SDRs 18.50 0.25
IMF Reserve Position 5.18 0.16

RBI’s Prudent Market Intervention

  • The RBI plays a vital role in maintaining market stability through strategic interventions. It occasionally manages liquidity, including selling dollars, to prevent a steep depreciation in the value of the rupee.
  • The central bank carefully monitors foreign exchange markets and intervenes solely to ensure orderly market conditions and contain excessive volatility in exchange rates, without adhering to any pre-determined target level or band.

RBI’s Recent Foreign Exchange Activity

  • According to the RBI’s monthly bulletin data, the central bank purchased $7.37 billion in the spot foreign exchange market in May.
  • In contrast, no dollar sales were reported during the same period. In April, the RBI had acquired a net total of $7.70 billion in the spot market.
  • These interventions were taken amid a depreciation of over 1 per cent in the Indian rupee against the dollar during May.

India’s growing forex reserves reflect the nation’s strengthened economic position and the RBI’s vigilant efforts to maintain financial stability. The substantial surge in reserves serves as a positive signal for the country’s economic resilience amidst global uncertainties.

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