Home   »   Economy and Finance   »   India's Unemployment Rate Drops to 3.1%...

India’s Unemployment Rate Drops to 3.1% in 2023

In 2023, India witnessed a significant decline in its unemployment rate, reaching 3.1%, marking the lowest figure in the past three years. This notable drop is attributed to several factors, including the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and increased economic activity following the relaxation of lockdown measures.

Key Findings from the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for 2023

  • Overall Unemployment Rate: Decreased to 3.1% from 3.6% in 2022 and 4.2% in 2021.
  • Gender Disparities: Unemployment rate among females declined to 3%, while for males it dropped to 3.2%.
  • Urban vs. Rural Disparities: Urban unemployment rate decreased to 5.2%, rural rate dropped to 2.4%.
  • Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) in Urban Areas: Increased to 56.2%, indicating greater engagement in economic activities.
  • Impact of Economic Growth: The decline in unemployment coincided with an economic growth rate of 8.4% in the third quarter of 2023-24 fiscal year, driven by robust performances in manufacturing, mining & quarrying, and construction sectors.

Economic Growth Outlook

  • Third Quarter Performance: Indian economy grew by 8.4% in Q3 of 2023-24 fiscal year, showcasing strength across various sectors.
  • National Statistical Office (NSO) Estimates: NSO’s second advance estimate pegged the country’s growth at 7.6% for the entire fiscal year 2023-24, reflecting a positive trajectory from earlier projections.


India's Unemployment Rate Drops to 3.1% in 2023_4.1



India's Unemployment Rate Drops to 3.1% in 2023_5.1