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Mizoram Foundation Day 2024: Date, History and Significance

Mizoram Foundation Day, celebrated annually on February 20th, holds profound significance for the people of Mizoram, marking the establishment of the state as the 23rd state of India in 1987. This day commemorates the hard-fought struggle for political rights and self-determination by the Mizo people, culminating in the realization of their aspirations.

Mizoram Foundation Day 2024 – Date

Mizoram Foundation Day 2024, observed on February 20th, commemorates the state’s establishment as the 23rd state of India in 1987. It celebrates the Mizo people’s struggle for self-determination and political rights, culminating in the historic peace accord between the government of India and the Mizo National Front in 1986. The day honors Mizoram’s rich cultural heritage and achievements.

Mizoram Foundation Day 2024 – Historical Significance

The roots of Mizoram’s journey towards statehood trace back to 1961 with the formation of the Mizo National Front (MNF) by local tribal leaders. The MNF, driven by the mission to safeguard Mizo rights and foster inclusion, initiated an insurgency against the Indian government in 1966. This insurgency persisted for two decades until a historic peace accord was brokered in 1986, paving the way for Mizoram’s formal integration into the Indian union as a state on February 20, 1987.

Statehood Day of Mizoram – Significance and Celebration

Mizoram Foundation Day serves as a pivotal occasion to reflect on the past struggles, celebrate present achievements, and chart a course for the future. It is a day to honor the legacy of those who fought for independence and to recognize the resilience and determination of the Mizo people.

Key Facts About Mizoram State

Here are some key facts related to Mizoram state:

  • Name Origin: “Mizoram” derives from “Mizo” (native inhabitants) and “Ram” (land), meaning “land of the Mizos.”
  • Statehood: Became the 23rd state of India on February 20, 1987, after the 53rd amendment to the Indian Constitution.
  • Geography: Located in northeast India, Mizoram is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with Tripura, Assam, and Manipur, as well as with Bangladesh and Myanmar.
  • Population: As of 2011, Mizoram had a population of 1,091,014, with the majority being tribal people, particularly Mizo, and a Christian majority (87%).
  • Economy: Primarily agrarian, with jhum (slash-and-burn) farming being common. However, horticulture and bamboo industries are growing sectors. Gross state domestic product estimated at ₹69.91 billion (US$880 million) in 2012.
  • Literacy: Mizoram boasts a high literacy rate of 91.58% (2011 census), the second-highest among Indian states.
  • Languages: Official languages are Mizo and English, with Mizo being predominant. Chakma, Mara, and Tripuri are also spoken.
  • Religion: Christianity is the predominant religion (87.16%), followed by Buddhism (8.51%) and Hinduism (2.75%). Some Mizos claim Jewish descent.
  • Biodiversity: Mizoram is rich in biodiversity, with about 76% of its area covered by forests. It hosts various species of birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
  • Tourism: Known for its scenic landscapes, pleasant climate, and diverse wildlife, Mizoram attracts both domestic and international tourists. Inner Line Permit required for Indian citizens, while foreign nationals need Protected Area Permits.

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q1. When is Mizoram Foundation Day celebrated annually?
Q2. What event does Mizoram Foundation Day commemorate?
Q3. What historical significance does Mizoram Foundation Day hold?
Q4. What led to the establishment of Mizoram as the 23rd state of India?
Q5. Which states and countries does Mizoram share its borders with?
Q6. What was Mizoram’s population according to the 2011 census?

Check your knowledge and try to answer the questions in the comment section.

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About the Author

My role as a content writer specializing in current affairs at Adda247 involves meticulously researching and crafting compelling articles aimed at guiding and informing candidates preparing for National and State Level Competitive Government Exams. With a dedication to educational excellence, I strive to keep our candidates abreast of the latest developments and trends in current affairs. By providing insightful and engaging content, I aim to ensure that aspiring candidates are well-prepared and informed for their examinations.