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National Science Day 2024, Date, Theme, Significance and History

National Science Day is celebrated annually on 28th February in India to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. This day serves as a reminder of the pivotal role science plays in shaping our lives and society. Each year, National Science Day is celebrated with a specific theme, highlighting significant aspects of scientific progress and innovation.

National Science Day 2024 Theme

The theme for National Science Day 2024 is ‘Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat’, emphasizing the importance of promoting scientific, technological, and innovation skills. It underscores the achievements of Indian scientists in addressing the country’s challenges through home-grown technologies. The theme also advocates for collaboration between the public and scientific community to contribute to India’s well-being and global welfare.

National Science Day 2024 History

National Science Day traces its origins to the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by Sir C.V. Raman on 28th February 1928. This groundbreaking discovery marked a significant contribution to the field of physics, earning Sir C.V. Raman the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. The Raman Effect refers to the phenomenon of light scattering when passing through a transparent material, leading to a change in its wavelength and energy.

National Science Day 2024 Significance

National Science Day is highly significant as it serves various purposes. Firstly, it raises awareness about the significance of science and its practical applications in everyday life. It highlights the contributions and accomplishments of Indian scientists, serving as an inspiration for upcoming generations to pursue scientific pursuits. Additionally, National Science Day facilitates conversations on scientific matters, advocates for the adoption of new technologies, and promotes public involvement with science and technology.

Promoting Scientific Literacy and Collaboration

National Science Day aims to:

  • Raise public awareness: The day catalyzes igniting public interest in science and its applications in everyday life.
  • Celebrate scientific achievements: It provides a platform to acknowledge and celebrate the contributions of Indian scientists to various fields of science and technology.
  • Encourage scientific engagement: National Science Day encourages schools, universities, and research institutions to organize various activities, such as science fairs, exhibitions, and competitions, to nurture a spirit of scientific inquiry and innovation among the younger generation.
  • Foster collaboration: The theme for 2024 emphasizes the importance of collaboration between the scientific community, policymakers, and the public to develop indigenous technologies for addressing national and global challenges.


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