The Indian government has decided to celebrate January 23rd as ‘Parakram Diwas’ to commemorate the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. This year is the 125th Birth Anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Netaji was born on January 23, 1897. The day is celebrated to honour and remember Netaji’s indomitable spirit and selfless service to the nation.
About Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose:
- Netaji’ was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack in Odisha. He acquired a degree in philosophy and was later selected for the Indian Civil Services. He refused to join as he did not want to serve the British Government.
- Netaji joined the Indian National Congress in 1921.
- Netaji started a newspaper called “Swaraj”.
- He had written a book called “The Indian Struggle”. The book covers the Indian Independence movement between 1920 and 1942.
- The term “Jai Hind” was coined by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
- With the slogan “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”, he awakened the country towards fighting against the British.
Netaji in the Indian independence struggle
- Netaji was prisoned in 1925 for his nationalist activities. Later released in 1927.
- After his release, he became the general secretary of the Indian National Congress. He formed the All India Forward Bloc as a part of the Indian National Congress in 1939.
- During the second world war, Netaji protested the British Raj for not consulting the Indians before pulling them into the war. He was arrested for his protests. Later he was released and was kept under surveillance.
- In 1941, Bose escaped to Germany via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union.
- In Germany, Netaji met German leaders and other Indian students and European political leaders.
- Netaji built a force known as the Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army) giving the slogan of “Dilli Chalo”. Thousands of soldiers of his 60,000-strong army sacrificed their lives for the country. The Indian National Army supported the Japanese army in their invasion of Northeast India. They together took control of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.