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RBI Penalizes Central Bank of India and Sonali Bank PLC for Violations

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed fines on Central Bank of India and Sonali Bank PLC for breaches related to customer protection and KYC norms. Central Bank of India faces a penalty of ₹1.45 crore for irregularities including improper sanctioning of loans and delays in reversing unauthorized transactions. Meanwhile, Sonali Bank PLC has been fined ₹96.4 lakh for non-compliance with KYC Directions, 2016. These penalties highlight RBI’s commitment to enforcing regulatory and statutory compliance in the banking sector.

Central Bank of India’s Penalty Details

Central Bank of India incurred a ₹1.45 crore penalty for issues identified during a Statutory Inspection for Supervisory Evaluation (ISE 2022). The violations included sanctioning a loan against government subsidies and delays in crediting customers for unauthorized electronic transactions.

Sonali Bank PLC’s Penalty Details

Sonali Bank PLC, part of Bangladesh’s commercial banking sector, received a ₹96.4 lakh penalty for failing to adhere to KYC norms outlined by the RBI. The penalty underscores RBI’s focus on ensuring robust compliance standards across all banking operations.

RBI’s Statement

RBI clarified that these penalties are not a judgment on the validity of specific transactions but are necessary to uphold regulatory standards. The imposition of fines does not preclude further actions that RBI may take against the banks involved.

Reserve Bank of India (RBI) : Key points

  • Establishment: The RBI was established on April 1, 1935, under the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.
  • Governor: The Governor serves as the highest-ranking official. As of the latest update, Shaktikanta Das is the Governor of the RBI.


    • Monetary Authority: Formulates and implements monetary policy to maintain price stability.
    • Regulator and Supervisor: Regulates and supervises the financial system to ensure stability and protect consumer interests.
    • Issuer of Currency: Sole authority to issue currency notes and coins in India.
    • Developmental Role: Promotes sustainable growth of the financial sector and financial inclusion.

Key Acts

    • Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934: Provides the legal framework for the establishment, governance, and functions of the RBI.
    • Banking Regulation Act, 1949: Empowers RBI to regulate and supervise banks and financial institutions.
    • Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999: Regulates foreign exchange transactions and cross-border transactions.

Recent Developments

    • Continual updates in monetary policies and regulatory frameworks to adapt to economic changes.
    • Enforcement actions, such as penalties, to ensure compliance with regulatory norms like KYC and consumer protection guidelines.

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