World Heritage week 2022:
The Department of Archives, Archaeology and Museums is celebrating World Heritage week commencing from November 19 to November 25, 2022. The World Heritage Week is observed to promote the conservation of culture and heritage. The week – long celebration aims to create awareness about traditions and culture. The World Heritage Week is celebrated by UNESCO and several other international organisations. In India. The World Heritage Week is celebrated by the Archaeological Survey of India.
How did India celebrate the World Heritage Week?
- Being a signatory to the World Heritage Convention, India undertakes various initiatives on World Heritage Day (18 April) and World Heritage Week (19-25 November) each year, to celebrate the spirit of the World Heritage Convention. Some of these initiatives include providing free admission at ticketed monuments, publishing books on World Heritage, involving youth and children through painting competitions and heritage walks, among others.
- The Member States of UNESCO adopted the World Heritage Convention in 1972. 191 state parties have ratified this World Heritage Convention including India. World Heritage sites belong to all the people of the world, irrespective of the territory on which they are located.
- The Government of India celebrated the World Heritage Week by promoting the heritage sites in the country. Rule 6 of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Rules, 1959 says about the fees collected at the entrance of the archaeological sites. In accordance to this rule, the Archaeological Survey of India directed that all the entry tickets to the ancient monuments and archaeological sites are free.
What is the importance of World Heritage Week?
There are 3,691 monuments that are protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. Uttar Pradesh has the highest numbers. Of these around 40 are listed under the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. India has the sixth largest number of heritage sites in the world. It is essential to promote the conservation of these sites. Thus, it is important for India to celebrate the World Heritage Week.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
- Archaeological Survey of India Founder: Alexander Cunningham;
- Archaeological Survey of India Founded: 1861;
- Archaeological Survey of India Director General: V. Vidyavathi, IAS;
- Archaeological Survey of India Parent organisation: Ministry of Culture;
- Archaeological Survey of India Headquarters: New Delhi.