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Dr. Manmohan Singh to Retire from Rajya Sabha

Dr. Manmohan Singh, former Prime Minister of India, retire from the Rajya Sabha, marking the end of his three-decade-long tenure in the Upper House.

About Manmohan Singh

  • Born on September 26, 1932.
  • two-term Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014.
  • An economistacademicianbureaucrat, and politician.
  • Played a significant role in shaping India’s economy.
  • Served as the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 1982 to 1985.
  • Minister of Finance in P.V. Narasimha Rao’s government.
  • Credited for introducing significant economic reforms in India in 1991.

Major Policies of Manmohan Singh

Economic Liberalisation (1991)

  • Initiated reforms that reduced trade barriersdismantled the License Raj system, and opened up key sectors to foreign investment.
  • Crucial in jumpstarting India’s economic growth and globalization.

National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) (2005)

  • Introduced to offer a legal guarantee of a minimum of 100 days of employment per year to rural households.
  • Objective: Address rural poverty and unemployment.

Right to Information Act (RTI) (2005)

  • Empowered Indian citizens to demand information from government agencies and institutions.
  • Promoted transparencyaccountability, and prevented corruption in public administration.

The Indo-US Civil Nuclear Agreement (2005)

  • Allowed India to receive nuclear technology and fuel for its civilian nuclear energy program.
  • A significant milestone in the relationship between India and the United States.

Retirement of Rajya Sabha Members

  • Article 80 of the Constitution sets the maximum number of Rajya Sabha members at 250.
  • 238 members represent states and Union Territories.
  • 12 members are nominated by the President for their expertise in areas like literature, science, art, and social service.
  • Rajya Sabha is a permanent House, and one-third of its members retire every two years.
  • Members serve for a full term of six years.

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