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Uranium particles enriched to 83.7 per cent found in Iran: UN report

Inspectors from the United Nations nuclear watchdog found uranium particles enriched up to 83.7% in Iran’s underground Fordo nuclear site.

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Uranium particles enriched to 83.7 per cent found in Iran: UN report_40.1

Report by The International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA):

  • The confidential quarterly report by the Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency distributed to member states likely will raise tensions further between Iran and the West over its nuclear program.
  • That’s even as Tehran already faces internal unrest after months of protests and Western anger over sending bomb-carrying drones to Russia for its war on Ukraine.
  • The IAEA report only speaks about “particles,” suggesting that Iran isn’t building a stockpile of uranium enriched above 60% — the level it has been enriching at for some time.
  • The IAEA report described inspectors discovering on Jan. 21 that two cascades of IR-6 centrifuges at Iran’s Fordo facility had been configured in a way “substantially different” to what had been previously declared.
  • The IAEA took samples the following day, which showed particles up to 83.7% purity, the report said.
  • The IAEA report also said that it would “further increase the frequency and intensity of agency verification activities” at Fordo after the discovery.

Nuclear Deal with Iran:

Uranium particles enriched to 83.7 per cent found in Iran: UN report_50.1

Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal limited Tehran’s uranium stockpile to 300 kilograms (661 pounds) and enrichment to 3.67% — enough to fuel a nuclear power plant. The U.S.’ unilateral withdraw from the accord in 2018 set in motion a series of attacks and escalations by Tehran over its program.

Iran has been producing uranium enriched to 60% purity — a level for which nonproliferation experts already say Tehran has no civilian use. The IAEA report put Iran’s uranium stockpile as of Feb. 12 at some 3,760 kilogram (8,289 pounds) — an increase of 87.1 kilograms (192 pounds) since its last quarterly report in November. Of that, 87.5 kilograms (192 pounds) is enriched up to 60% purity.

More About The 2015 Nuclear Deal: Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA):

Uranium particles enriched to 83.7 per cent found in Iran: UN report_60.1

  • In 2015, Iran with the P5+1 group of world powers – the USA, UK, France, China, Russia, and Germany agreed on a long-term deal on its nuclear programme.
  • The deal was named as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and in common parlance as Iran Nuclear Deal.
  • Under the deal, Iran agreed to curb its nuclear activity in return for the lifting of sanctions and access to global trade.
  • The agreement allowed Iran to accumulate small amounts of uranium for research but it banned the enrichment of uranium, which is used to make reactor fuel and nuclear weapons.
  • Iran was also required to redesign a heavy-water reactor being built, whose spent fuel could contain plutonium suitable for a bomb and to allow international inspections.

About International Atomic Energy Agency:

Uranium particles enriched to 83.7 per cent found in Iran: UN report_70.1

                                                                                                                              (image credit: respective producer)

  • Widely known as the world’s “Atoms for Peace and Development” organization within the United Nations family, the IAEA is the international centre for cooperation in the nuclear field.
  • The IAEA was created in 1957 in response to the deep fears and expectations generated by the discoveries and diverse uses of nuclear technology.
  • Headquarter: Vienna, Austria.

Important facts for the competitive exams:

  • OFFICAL NAME: Republic of Iran
  • FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Islamic republic
  • CAPITAL: Tehran
  • POPULATION: 83,024,745
  • OFFICAL LANGUAGE: Farsi
  • CURRENCY: Rial
  • PRESIDENT: Ebrahim Raisi
  • AREA: 636,372 square miles (1,648,105 square kilometers)
  • MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Elburz, Zagros
  • MAJOR RIVERS: Karun, Karkeh, Zayandeh

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Uranium particles enriched to 83.7 per cent found in Iran: UN report_90.1

 

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