Viceroys of India (1856-1947)
The Viceroy of India or previously known as the governor-general of India was the representative of the monarch of the United Kingdom and after Indian Independence in 1947, Viceroy became the representative of the Indian head of state. Viceroy generally means a representative of a King or Queen who rules another country for him or her. After the revolt of 1857, the existence and rule of the Viceroy came under the British. Before Viceroy, Governor Generals ruled India. The first viceroy of India was Lord Canning who ruled India from 1856 to 1862.
List Of Chief Justice In India (1950-2021)
Viceroy of India: History
- British came to India as traders after receiving a royal charter from Queen Elizabeth I.
- Trading in India was the start of British rule and within no time they took over the trading business in India.
- In Kolkata, a governor-general was appointed to look after the fortification of William.
- After the revolt of 1857, control of the region was passed to the crown from the East Indian Company.
- The title of Governor General was also changed to Viceroy of India.
- The first viceroy of India was Lord Canning and the last Viceroy of India (British) was Lord Mountbatten.
- The only Indian to become a Viceroy of India was Chakravarti Rajagopalachari after freedom.
List of Viceroys of India
|Viceroy of India||Tenure||Events or Achievement|
|Lord John Lawrence||1864||1869||
|Lord Minto II||1905||1910||
|Lord Hardinge II||1910||1916||
FAQs related to Viceroys of India
1. Who was the first viceroy of India?
Ans. Lord Canning was the first viceroy of India. He served as viceroy of India for four years from 1858 to 1862.
2. Who was the last Viceroy of India?
Ans. Lord Mountbatten was the last Viceroy of India.
3. Who is a viceroy?
Ans. The title of Viceroy was given to the governor-general of India. It was a major change after the British Parliament passed a new Act in 1858 and transferred the powers of the East India Company to the British Crown.